Doctors have successfully separated conjoined twins following a grueling all-day operation after the two babies had matured enough to handle the procedure.
Specialists of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) carried out the complicated op at the IMSS Paediatric Hospital in Guanajuato City in the central Mexican state of the same name.
The siblings were conjoined at the thorax and abdomen.
Following several CT scans, echocardiograms and MRI examinations, experts decided to schedule the twin’s surgery for when they reached 41 days of age.
Doctors have successfully separated conjoined twins in a grueling all-day operation
Doctors decided to schedule the twin’s surgery for when they reached 41 days of age
Joined at the hip
According to local media, the babies’ 32-year-old mother lives in the city of Irapuato and was informed during an IMSS prenatal check-up on the 26th week of her pregnancy that she would give birth to Siamese twins.
The babies were delivered by caesarean section, they weighed just over five kilograms (11 lbs) and were 45 centimetres in length.
The multidisciplinary team of surgeons, anaesthesiologists and nurses began the complicated operation first thing in the morning and had successfully separated them by 12.45pm without any problems.
Specialists needed a few more hours afterwards to complete the surgery and make sure that the babies’ organs were working properly.
After a few days in paediatric intensive care, the two babies were sent home to be with their family.
They recently went back to the IMSS Paediatric Hospital for their first check-up where they were reported to be in good health.
Specialists of the IMSS Paediatric Hospital in Guanajuato City carried out the complicated op
Conjoined twins are rare and this means the causes behind the condition difficult to study
About one in every 200,000 live births in the world are conjoined twins. Though there are far more hospitals and surgeons equipped to separate them now than in decades past, about 35 percent of these babies only live a day after their birth.
Conjoined twins are very rare, making the causes behind the condition difficult to study and as-of-yet unclear.
Twins form when a single fertilized egg splits early in embryonic development.
But this process is not instantaneous, and on the rare occasions when the egg does not fully split, the two fetuses become conjoined, growing shared organs and body structures.
Their bodies may be linked at nearly any point, though thoraco-omphalopagus twins, like the toddlers in this case, are the most most common form, making up about 28 percent of all conjoined twins.
After a few days in paediatric intensive care the babies were sent home to be with their family
Doctors are unsure why, but conjoined twins are usually girls – about 70 percent of the time – and tend to have better survival rates than boys do after birth.
Twin girls also tend to be more resilient to the stresses of separation surgeries, and now, at least one twin survives separation about 75 percent of the time, though rates vary depending on what organs and structures the babies’ share.
Success rates for separating twins joined at the spine, for example, are estimated to be as high as 68 percent.
The first separation surgeries were performed in the 1950s, but the operation remains a steep challenge to even the most experienced surgeons.
For many sets of conjoined twins, separation is simply not an option because they share too many essential organs and blood vessel connections.
For still other families, separation may cost one twin their life, but give the other a better chance at survival and a more viable future.