Collapsed construction giant Carillion ran up huge debts and sold assets so it could keep paying out millions of pounds of dividends to shareholders.
It paid out £376m between 2012 and 2016 despite making just £159m of cash from its operations.
A parliamentary paper on Carillion’s collapse revealed: ‘When dividends are paid on the basis of expected profits, the company is effectively borrowing money to pay its shareholders.’
The firm’s liquidation left in its wake a £900 million debt pile, a £590 million pension deficit and hundreds of millions of pounds in unfinished public contracts.
Meanwhile, it emerged Carillion won eight public sector contacts worth nearly £2bn even as their shares tumbled and questions over its future were raised.
Carillion paid out £376m between 2012 and 2016 despite making just £159m of cash from its operations (stock photo)
Just a week after Carillion issued its first profit warning last July it was handed a £1.4bn project to help build HS2 in July last year.
While the same week the Ministry of Defence also gave the now-failed construction giant two contracts for leisure and catering services worth £158million.
State-owned Network Rail gave Carillion a contract worth around £320m to upgrade track on the London to Corby line in November last year.
Leeds City Council handed Carillion a £14m ‘advanced works’ deal for the first stage of the East Leeds Orbital Road to improve the existing highway a week ago.
Critics accused the Government of presiding over a ‘shambles’ and said ministers should ‘hang their heads in shame’ over the collapse.
Under the MoD contracts, Carillion was to provide catering, retail and leisure services at more than 230 military sites across the north of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Carillion saw its shares price plunge more than 70 per cent in the past six months after making a string of profit warnings and breaching its financial covenants. It also has a pension deficit of around £600m.
Carillion saw its shares price plunge more than 70 per cent in the past six months after making a string of profit warnings and breaching its financial covenants
A string of top bosses at the construction giant are to be grilled by MPs next month as the political fallout from the debacle rages on.
Parliament’s Pensions and Business Committees launched a joint inquiry into the group’s demise, which has cast doubt over the future of thousands of workers on jobs ranging from hospital construction to school meals and cleaning.
The committees confirmed that they will call several Carillon bosses as witnesses to evidence sessions on February 6.
They include former chief executive Richard Howson, chairman Phillip Green, interim boss Keith Cochrane and ex-finance chiefs Richard Adam, Zafar Khan and Emma Mercer.
It comes after anger over Mr Howson’s bumper pay packet during and after his tenure, as well as that of Mr Khan and Mr Cochrane.
Mr Howson, who headed the company from 2012 until July 2017, pocketed £1.5 million in 2016, which included a £122,612 cash bonus and £231,000 in pension contributions.
Richard Howson, who headed the company from 2012 until July 2017, pocketed £1.5 million in 2016, which included a £122,612 cash bonus. The bumper pay packet amount sparked outrage
As part of his departure deal, Carillion had agreed to continue paying him a £660,000 salary and £28,000 in benefits until October 2018.
A similar deal was struck for Mr Khan, who left Carillion in September but was set to receive £425,000 in base salary for the following 12 months.
Interim chief executive Mr Cochrane was in line to be paid his £750,000 salary until July.
Labour MP Rachel Reeves, chairwoman of the Business Committee, said: ‘In the wake of the BHS scandal, Carillion has the hallmarks of another corporate governance failure, with directors asleep at the wheel while the business went off a cliff, in this case leaving jobs, pensions and public services under threat and a host of suppliers out of pocket.
‘As a committee, we will also want to explore the executive pay arrangements at Carillion, the potential cost to the taxpayer of the insolvency, and the role of both directors and non-executive directors in the company’s collapse.’
Carillion introduced the ‘clawback’ provision as part of its pay policy in 2014 which would allow the company to demand executives return cash and share bonuses for up to two years after payment – a move it said brought the business in line with the updated UK Corporate Governance Code.
However, those terms were relaxed by 2016 when Carillion’s remuneration committee added stipulations that the clawback provision could only be triggered if the firm’s results were mis-stated or the executive was ‘guilty of gross misconduct’.
The committees will also probe the role of Carillion’s auditor, KPMG, which signed off the group’s 2016 accounts.
The Insolvency Service, which last week ceased payments to Carillion executives, and the Financial Reporting Council will also be called at an earlier hearing next week as questions remain over the strength of corporate governance at the company.
Robin Ellison, chairman of trustees of Carillion’s pension scheme, will also be grilled.
Pensions Committee chairman Frank Field said: ‘Another day, another company goes bust hot on the heels of a clean bill of health from a Big Four financial services firm.
‘The particularly nasty twist in this now grimly familiar tale is the mountain of debt and giant pension deficit this public services contractor leaves in the wreckage of its collapse- with an accompanying massive hit to the public purse.
‘It must also be time now for the auditors who cosily signed off this disaster-in-the-making as a ‘going concern’ less than a year ago to begin to account for themselves.’