Britons have today been urged to avoid travelling on cruise ships due to coronavirus, just hours before the government is set to allow quarantine-free travel from dozens of countries across the world.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has today changed its advice, urging holidaymakers against embarking on cruise ships, over fears of the spread of Covid-19. The government had previously urged over-70s to avoid sailings.
It comes as the government’s blanket advice against all non-essential foreign travel was lifted for dozens of destinations on Saturday and just hours before travel corridors are opened to 59 countries.
The corridors mean Britons returning from the countries, including Spain and France, will not have to automatically self-isolate for 14 days.
The FCO say the new position comes following advice from Public Health England.
It has promised to ‘continue to review’ its position and insisted it ‘continues to support the Department for Transport’s work with industry for the resumption of international cruise travel’.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has today issued a statement advising people against embarking on cruise ships, over fears of the spread of Covid-19. Pictured: The world’s largest cruise ship, Royal Caribbean’s Symphony of the Seas, in Malaga, Spain, in 2018
The travel advice means many holidaymakers with future bookings risk having their trips cancelled.
Rory Boland, editor of consumer magazine Which? Travel, said: ‘The FCO’s advice against cruise ship travel will lead to most upcoming cruises being cancelled or postponed.
How cruises will change after Covid: End of the traditional buffet, reduced shore visits and temperature controls
By Rita Sobot and Tom Pyman for the Daily Mail
Major cruise line companies are ditching self-service buffets while on-board entertainment could also be cut as part of a raft of changes to trips in the wake of the coronavirus crisis.
Guests and crew may also have to be tested for the virus in some cases, or at least pass through infrared controls so their temperature can be taken in a bid to reduce the risk of infections spreading.
Other measures include limiting passenger numbers and staggering boarding and disembarking to ensure there are fewer people at the terminals and gangways.
On the ships, hand sanitisers will be placed throughout, germ-killing air filters will be installed and occupation of lifts will be limited.
At least one cruise liner has had to cut back on its hospitality by axing plans for the traditional welcome with a free buffet whilst others say only staff will be allowed to serve food and never the passenger.
Top locations such as Spain still currently have a ban on any cruise liner entering its ports, with the government saying this will continue until ‘the end of the coronavirus crisis’, with no firm date yet specified.
‘Most cruise holiday customers should be legally entitled to a cash refund within 14 days under the package travel regulations, but as we’ve seen across the travel industry recently, operators facing a surge in refund claims are often taking longer to return customers’ money to them.
‘If refunds will be delayed, cruise companies must urgently let customers know and give a clear timetable for when money will be returned.
‘The FCO should also extend its warning to include a definitive date, to give operators and customers clarity over when it will be safe to rebook.’
In March, the FCO advised Britons aged 70 and over, and those with some underlying health conditions, to avoid cruise ships.
The UK’s biggest cruise line, P&O Cruises, part of the Carnival group, has suspended all sailings until mid-October.
The president of Carnival UK president Simon Palethorpe said: ‘We acknowledge the FCO’s guidance and P&O Cruises had already extended the pause in operations for all sailings up to October 15, and Cunard had extended the pause in operations until November 2020.
‘Our current focus is to work in partnership with public health agencies at the highest level as well as Department for Transport; EU Healthy Gateways and CLIA, the industry governing body.
‘We will follow applicable guidelines to further enhance our already stringent measures to keep our guests and crew healthy and well and we will not resume sailings on either of our brands until this framework is in place.
‘This will include rigorous protocols pre-boarding, on ship and in the destinations we visit.
‘Confidence in cruising is strong and we are seeing increasing demand from our guests, who we look forward to welcoming back on board when the time is right.’
Meanwhile a spokesperson for Norwegian Cruise Line, the third biggest cruise line in the world, which regularly sails from Southampton, said: ‘Our first priority remains the safety, security and well-being of our guests, team members and all those in the communities we visit.
‘As such, we are actively working to enhance our already stringent health and safety protocols and continue to consult with global public health authorities including The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to take action as necessary.
The UK’s biggest cruise line, P&O Cruises (pictured: P&O cruise ships Adonia (left) and Oceana, the White Sisters, leaving Southampton), part of the Carnival group, has suspended all sailings until mid-October
‘In addition, this week, we announced the “Healthy Sail Panel,” which consists of experts who are collaborating to develop recommendations that will help us safely resume operations.
‘Despite today’s news, we remain optimistic and hope to relaunch cruise operations in the near future. We look forward to welcoming our guests aboard again soon.’
Last week, major industry body for the UK’s cruise sector, the Cruise Lines International Association UK & Ireland (CLIA) said firms were ‘well prepared’ for cleaning and sanitation, but said there were ‘more conversations about how to go further’ in the wake of the coroanvirus pandemic.
Shorter cruises, fewer port calls and an end to buffet meals are some of the ideas that have been suggested as ways to get cruise ships sailing again sooner.
The recommendations were published as part of the EU Healthy Gateways’ Covid-19 guidance.
A graphic showing the post-lockdown guidelines for cruise ships, brought in to get them operating again this summer
Andy Harmer, director of the Cruise Lines International Association UK & Ireland (CLIA), said: ‘A door-to-door policy will certainly be part of the cruise experience — from talking to your travel agent right through to disembarkation,’ Mr Harmer said.
‘The strategy for reducing the risk of Covid-19 on cruise ships will start at the time of booking until passengers return home.’ CLIA members include P&O, Cunard, MSC, Saga, Fred Olsen, Crystal, Celebrity, Seabourn and Holland America Line.
The latest government advice comes as a poll revealed residents in European countries were concerned about the return of British holidaymakers, according to YouGov.
But the same research showed the snub is unlikely to pose much of a problem – because Britons themselves are too worried by the bug to go abroad.
The study showed only 21 per cent would consider a trip to France or Spain, while only 17 per cent would think of heading to Germany or Italy.
It said ‘The vast majority of people who might normally consider going on holiday are refusing to do so specifically because of coronavirus.’
Polling company YouGov questioned 1,000 people across popular EU holiday destinations, many of whom expressed disquiet about a large number of Britons arriving in their country
The YouGov findings also showed where UK tourists would be concerned over travelling to due to coronavirus
The research showed a lot of apprehension towards potential tourists, particularly from China and the US, coming to Britain
Many people from other countries suggested they wouldn’t consider coming to Britain due to the high coronavirus rate
A packed St. Sebastian beach in Barcelona, northeastern Spain last month, where many people have concerns over the potential arrival of Brits
Spain was the sniffiest country about Britons visiting with 61 per cent of those questioned wanting them to stay away.
From Friday English tourists can visit 59 countries and return without having to go into quarantine upon their return.
But despite the loosening of coronavirus restrictions in Britain, many Europeans are reluctant to fully open their borders.
Only the US and Brazil have had more Covid-19 deaths worldwide than the UK, with the findings suggesting locals in France, Spain, Italy and Germany are all more likely to oppose visits from Brits this summer, than tourists from elsewhere on the continent.
Between 40 and 54 per cent of Spaniards were opposed to tourists coming into their country from other European nations but this figure rose to 61 per cent for British holidaymakers.
Across the Channel in France, some 55 per cent said they opposed visitors from Britain, compared with between 32 and 46 per cent from elsewhere, while in Germany and Italy the proportion with concerns was 58 per cent and 44 per cent respectively.
The only country to be the subject of more opposition than the UK was Sweden, given it has not imposed a lockdown since the outbreak.
The government’s air bridges policy was announced by Transport Secretary Grant Schapps
Under the scheme, the majority of passengers still have to provide contact details when they arrive in England.
Those who have been through countries still on the quarantine list in the past 14 days will still have to self-isolate for two weeks.
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon this week rejected some countries on the UK Government’s list of air bridges, including Spain
Crucially, those who enter the country from the 59 listed locations, including popular holiday destinations such as Spain, France and Cyprus, will not have to undergo a fortnight long quarantine.
However the rules are different in Scotland, where tourists travelling from Spain will have to continue to quarantine, Nicola Sturgeon said this week, as she rejected some countries on the UK Government’s list of air bridges.
Speaking at her daily briefing on the virus, the Scottish First Minister said the 14-day quarantine restriction will be lifted on July 10 for people returning or visiting from 39 countries with a low prevalence of Covid-19, including Germany, Norway and Malta.
Other countries which have a lower or not significantly higher prevalence of the virus than Scotland – including France, Greece, the Netherlands, Italy and Poland – will also be included on the list.
But she said the restriction will not be lifted for Spain or Serbia. She said the ‘difficult decision’ had been driven by the evidence.
Sturgeon went on to warn tourists that any attempts to ‘get around’ restrictions by crossing the border after flying into England would be ineffective.
Teeside and Newcastle International Airports are both under 100 miles from the Scottish border.
What does the FCO’s advice mean for cruise ship passengers?
The Foreign Office have issued a warning against all cruise ship travel based on medical advice from Public Health England.
In the early stages of the pandemic, the ban only applied to holidaymakers over the age of 70.
This was then replaced by a blanket embargo on ‘all but essential’ global travel, but by this point cruise operators had cancelled all sailings anyway.
Now, despite flights resuming with the relaxing of travel restrictions, officials have declared an indefinite warning against all cruise holidays,.
Why have they done this?
Experts fear cruises are simply too risky at this stage.
There are two reasons for this: the first is because of the health risks of cramming an average of 3,000 people, many of them elderly, on board a liner where social distancing is hard to maintain.
The second reason is diplomatic. The Department for Transport’s (DfT) travel corridor scheme is based on the assumption that most will travel between the UK and one other country.
Cruise ships, by contrast, stop at multiple locations and often berth in small villages or towns where the arrival of thousands of foreigners would pose a significant risk to local communities.
What are the risks?
Cruise ships have for years been described as ‘floating petri dishes’ for viruses.
This is due to the close proximity of passengers and crew, as well as the high proportion of elderly people who tend to go on cruise holidays and are more vulnerable to illness.
One study last month into the coronavirus outbreak on the Diamond Princes said communal facilities such as dining halls, pools and spas also contributed to the risk of infection.
What if I have booked a cruise holiday this year?
There is uncertainty over whether sailings for this autumn are likely to go ahead and you should contact your cruise operator or travel company for guidance.
If your trip is cancelled, you will be legally entitled to a cash refund within 14 days under the package travel regulations – although this may take longer due to the volume of claims.
Customers are advised to avoid accepting credit note vouchers towards a future trip because these come with little consumer protection.
You may also be offered a replacement sailing in 2021, when cruise operators hope to resume operations – although this is not guaranteed because the advice against all cruises is indefinite.