The sale of gas boilers should be banned by 2033, a report by climate experts has said as Britain is urged to go cut carbon emissions more drastically over the next 15 years.
The Committee on Climate Change has called for newly fitted boilers to be ‘hydrogen-ready’ from 2025 onwards, which could make them around £100 more expensive.
People should also be encouraged to cut the amount of meat and dairy they eat by a fifth in the next decade, and new fossil-fuelled cars – including hybrids – should stop by 2032.
Experts say the moves are among those needed for the UK to meet its recommended target to cut emissions by 78 per cent by 2035 on 1990 levels, as part of the sixth ‘carbon budget’ covering climate action in 2033-37.
The sale of gas boilers should be banned by 2033, a report by climate experts has said as Britain is urged to go cut carbon emissions more drastically over the next 15 years
The report said more action is need between now and 2035 the change the way Britons eat, travel and heat their homes.
It called for a ban on new oil-fired boilers by 2028, and gas-fired boilers by 2033.
However, it has been reported that the reduction in household emissions by 2050 could cost as much as £8,000 per home.
This includes about £2,000 on insulation and £6,000 on installing alternatives to gas boilers, such as electric heat pumps.
Chris Stark, the CCC chief executive, said: ‘I think a large proportion of this should be met by households, especially those who are able to afford it, but there’ll be some households that we should be protecting from those costs.’
Britain should cut its meat and dairy consumption by a fifth by the end of the decade to combat climate change, Government advisers have urged (stock photo)
What does the report call for?
Ban on the sale of oil-fired boilers by 2028, and gas boilers by 2033;
Ban on fossil-fuelled cars – including hybrids – by 2033;
Stop the expansion of UK airport capacity and impose a frequent flyer levy;
Cut the amount of meat and dairy consumed by a fifth;
Tree planting should almost quadruple to 50,000 hectares a year.
Dr Jonathan Marshall, head of analysis at the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit said: ‘Calling time on gas boilers will represent a major step on the UK’s path to a carbon neutral nation and is a way for families up and down the country to take action on their carbon footprints.’
The report feeds in to the government’s five-yearly ‘carbon budgets’ which aim to help the UK meet the long term legally-binding goal to bring climate pollution down to zero overall or ‘net zero’ by 2050.
Measures to meet the climate goals include making the electricity system zero carbon by 2035, with offshore wind playing a major role, producing hydrogen to replace gas, creating new woodlands, curbing the growth in flying and making homes greener.
There can be no increase in UK airport capacity, so any expansion such as at Heathrow must be balanced by reductions in capacity elsewhere in the UK, the report said.
The report calls for ordinary people, and not just the Government, to change their lives for the future of the planet.
Government advisers also suggested Britain should also cut its meat and dairy consumption by a fifth by the end of the decade to combat climate change.
Cutting the number of livestock would help to reduce greenhouse gases that are linked to global warming.
It suggests families should move away from meat and dairy, helping to reduce livestock numbers, by choosing ‘plant-based options’ – and one day even meat grown in a laboratory.
Committee chairman Lord Deben said: ‘This is the right carbon budget for the UK at the right time’
This could start with the public sector being required to include vegetarian options in all canteens to help shift behaviour, according to the committee in its ‘route map’ for decarbonising the country.
It represents a major increase in ambition in UK climate efforts, with the new 2035 target almost as tough as the previous long term goal of 80 per cent cuts by 2050, which was in place before the net zero law was passed in June 2019.
£40bn to ‘greenwire’ Britain
Power giants accused of cashing in from unfair and inflated energy bills have been told to spend £40billion to ‘greenwire’ Britain.
Industry regulator Ofgem outlined plans such as linking wind farms to the national grid to meet the Government’s target of net zero carbon emissions by 2050.
It also set a limit on how much of the cost can be recovered through customers’ bills – and said power firms should cut them by £10 a year over the next five years.
The Citizens Advice charity said firms have benefited from unfair profit margins over the past five years which has allowed them to rake in £7.5billion at the expense of hard-pressed customers.
It also calls for the introduction of a national investment programme to make flats and houses eco-friendly and says that by 2035 440,000 hectares of new mixed woodland should be planted.
Committee chairman Lord Deben said: ‘This is the right carbon budget for the UK at the right time.
We deliver our recommendations to Government with genuine enthusiasm, knowing that Britain’s decisive zero-carbon transition brings real benefits to our people and our businesses while making the fundamental changes necessary to protect our planet.’
A frequent flyer tax is discussed in the route map, which calls for flights from the UK to be cut by 15 per cent from 2018 levels in its ‘highly optimistic’ scenario for lowering emissions.
Car-sharing, working from home and walking are among the suggestions to cut the amount of miles people are expected to drive in 2050 by a third.
Last month it was announced new petrol and diesel cars and vans would no longer be sold by 2030.
But the committee said hybrid cars, which are part-electric but still have an engine, should be included in this move from 2032.
Neil Shand, from the National Beef Association, said: ‘Britain’s meat industry is given a lot of unfair criticism over its environmental impact.’
And National Pig Association chairman Richard Lister said: ‘There has been a heavy bias against meat when it comes to climate change discussions.’