Iran has accused the US and Israel for planning the violent protests that have gripped the nation after a woman was killed in custody after being arrested by the ‘morality police’ for not wearing her hijab correctly.
The unrest is flaring up across the country for a third week despite government efforts to crack down on the riots.
Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei responded publicly today to the biggest protests in Iran in years, breaking weeks of silence to blame his enemies.
Speaking to a cadre of police students in Tehran, Khamenei said he was ‘heartbroken’ by the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in police custody, calling it a ‘sad incident.’
However, he sharply condemned the protests as a foreign plot to destabilise Iran, echoing authorities’ previous comments.
Iran has accused the US and Israel for planning the violent protests that have gripped the nation
Pro-government demonstrators burn representations of the British, Israeli, and U.S flags during a rally
Iranian students attempt to open the entrance gate at the University of Isfahan in the Islamic republic’s central city
Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei reviews armed forces during a graduation ceremony for armed Forces Officers’ Universities today
Amini was pronounced dead on September 16, days after the notorious morality police detained the Kurdish Iranian for allegedly breaching rules forcing women to wear hijab headscarves and modest clothes.
Khamenei said: ‘This rioting was planned. These riots and insecurities were designed by America and the Zionist regime, and their employees.’
He added: ‘The duty of our security forces, including police, is to ensure the safety of the Iranian nation.
‘The ones who attack the police are leaving Iranian citizens defenceless against thugs, robbers and extortionists.’
Security forces, including police and the volunteer Basij militia, have been leading a crackdown on the protests, with thousands arrested and hundreds injured, according to rights groups, which put the death toll at over 130.
Iranian authorities have reported many members of the security forces killed during the unrest, which has spiralled into the biggest show of opposition to Iran’s authorities in years, with many calling for the end of more than four decades of Islamic clerical rule.
Iran shuttered its top technology university today following an hours-long standoff between students and the police that turned the prestigious institution into the latest flashpoint of protests and ended with hundreds of young people arrested.
People run during clashes with riot police as students protest following the death of death of Mahsa Amini, in Tehran
Iranian women walk in a street, in Tehran today on the third week of violent protests
Sharif University of Technology in Tehran announced that only doctoral students would be allowed on campus until further notice following hours of turmoil on Sunday evening, when witnesses said antigovernment protesters clashed with hardline pro-establishment students.
‘Woman, life, liberty’ the students shouted, as well as ‘students prefer death to humiliation’, Mehr news agency reported.
Iran’s science minister, Mohammad Ali Zolfigol, came to speak to the students in a bid to calm the situation, the report said.
Oslo-based group Iran Human Rights posted videos apparently showing police on motorcycles chasing students running through an underground car park and taking away detainees whose heads were covered in black cloth bags.
In one clip, which IHR said was taken at a Tehran metro station, a crowd can be heard chanting: ‘Don’t be afraid! Don’t be afraid! We are all together!’
Public anger has grown since authorities announced the death earlier this month
People gather during a protest for Ms Amini, who was allegedly arrested for not complying with strict dress code in Tehran
Mahsa Amini died in custody on September 16 after she was detained in Tehran by Iranian morality police
‘Hard to bear what is happening at #SharifUniversity in #Iran,’ German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock tweeted. ‘The courage of the Iranians is incredible. And the regime’s brute force is an expression of sheer fear of the power of education and freedom.’
The witnesses, who spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of reprisals, said the police kept hundreds of students holed up on campus and fired rounds of tear gas to disperse the demonstrations.
The university’s student association said that police and plainclothes officers surrounded the school from all sides and detained at least 300 students as protests rocked the campus after nightfall.
Plainclothes officers beat a professor and several university employees, the association reported.
The state-run IRNA news agency sought to downplay the violent standoff, reporting a ‘protest gathering ‘ took place and ended without casualties.
Iran’s latest protest movement, which has produced some of the nation’s most widespread unrest in years, emerged as a response to Amini’s death after her arrest for allegedly violating the country’s strict Islamic dress code.
A demonstrator raises his arms and makes the victory sign during a protest for Mahsa Amini in Tehran this week
However, it has grown into an open challenge to the Iranian leadership, with chants of ‘Death to the dictator,’ echoing from the streets and balconies after dark.
The demonstrations have tapped into a deep well of grievances in Iran, including the country’s social restrictions, political repression and ailing economy long strangled by American sanctions.
Protests, with women burning their state-mandated headscarves and crowds chanting for the downfall of the ruling clerics, have continued in Tehran and far-flung provinces even as authorities have restricted internet access to the outside world and blocked social media apps.
In his remarks on Monday, Khamenei condemned scenes of protesters ripping off their hijabs and setting fire to mosques, banks and police cars as ‘actions that are not normal, that are unnatural.’
Security forces have responded with tear gas, metal pellets and in some cases live fire, according to rights groups and widely shared footage, although the scope of the crackdown remains unclear.
An untold number of people have been apprehended, with local officials reporting at least 1,500 arrests.
Security forces have picked up dozens of artists and activists who have voiced support for the protests, as well as dozens of journalists in the widening dragnet.
Tens of thousands of people — among them many women — have poured on to the streets in more than 100 towns and cities across Iran, enraged at her death and at four decades of oppression
Most recently on Sunday, authorities arrested Alborz Nezami, a reporter at an economic newspaper in Tehran.
Khamenei said that those who foment unrest to ‘sabotage’ the country deserve harsh prosecution and punishment.
Young people who ‘come to the streets after excitement after watching something on the internet,’ he added, should be ‘disciplined.’
Most of the protesters appear to be under age 25, according to eyewitnesses – Iranians who have grown up with global isolation and severe Western sanctions linked to Iran’s nuclear program.
Talks to revive the landmark 2015 nuclear deal have stalled for months, fueling public discontent as Iran’s currency declines in value and prices soar.
As the new academic year began this week, students gathered in protest at universities across Iran, according to videos widely shared on social media, chanting slogans against the government and denouncing security forces’ clampdown on demonstrators.
Universities in major cities including Isfahan in central Iran, Mashhad in the northeast and Kermanshah in the west have held protests featuring crowds of students clapping, chanting and burning headscarves.
‘Don’t call it a protest, it’s a revolution now,’ shouted students at Shahid Beheshti University in the capital of Tehran, as women took off their hijabs and set them alight, in protest over Iran’s law requiring women to cover their hair.
‘Students are awake, they hate the leadership!’ chanted crowds of students at the University of Mazandaran in the country’s north.
The eruption of student anger has worried the Islamic Republic since at least 1999, when security forces and supporters of hardline clerics attacked students protesting media restrictions.
That wave of student protests under former reformist President Mohammad Khatami touched off the worst street battles since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.