Rt.Live uses current infection data to track the reproduction rate of the virus in each state over time.
The site uses an Rt – or effective reproduction – metric, which shows the average number of people who become infected by an infectious person.
The data indicates the virus will spread quickly if the Rt is above 1.0. If the Rt falls below 1.0 in a state, it means the virus is showing signs of slowing down.
The Rt model shows the most likely Rt value for each day and the interval of values that Rt might actually be.
This can vary for states depending on the amount of data available and if they have fewer cases than other states.
Here is a breakdown of where each state is with current lockdown measures, total number of cases and deaths and their reproduction rate of COVID-19:
CAlabama’s current infection spread rate is 0.88, which means it is among the states that appears to have managed to transmission of the virus.
Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey announced the state had lifted a stay-home order and replaced it with a ‘safer-at-home order’ effective from April 30. People are encouraged, but are no longer required, to stay home. The updated order expires May 15.
Alabama’s employers and retail stores are allowed to reopen from April 30 at a reduced 50 percent capacity. Beaches will reopen but residents have to adhere to social distancing, including not gathering in groups of 10 or more.
High risk business including theaters, night clubs, fitness centers, barber shops, hair and nail salons will remain closed. Bars and restaurants can only have takeaway or curbside pickup.
Cases: 371 – Deaths: 9
Alaska’s current secondary rate of infection is at 0.83, which is below the 1.0 Rt rate where cases start to slow. It is among the states that appear to have stopped the spread but has a higher variable rate (red shaded area) – meaning that it is not completely certain it has stopped the spread.
Starting April 24, officials in Alaska allowed dine-in service at restaurants and reopening of retailers, personal care services and other businesses, with limitations.
Under the new rules, restaurants will reopen but are limited to 25 percent capacity and there must be 10 feet between tables and only family members can be seated at the same table.
Salons in Alaska may only accept customers by appointment.
The state in April decided there would be no in-person classes for K-12 students for the rest of the academic year.
Cases 9,707 – Deaths 426
Arizona appears to have limited the spread of coronavirus with a 0.91 secondary infection rate. Infections have been increasing in the state throughout the pandemic.
Small retailers reopened May 4 with curbside, delivery or appointment-based services.
They will be allowed to welcome customers inside with social distancing starting May 8.
Gov. Doug Ducey otherwise extended his stay-home order until May 15.
He’s working with restaurants on how to eventually reopen dining rooms safely, but there’s no set timetable.
Cases: 3,525 – Deaths: 83
Arkansas has lowered the spread of coronavirus and currently has a 0.86 rate of secondary infection. The number of infections in the state appear to have decreased rapidly since peaking about two weeks ago.
The state is one of the few that did not issue a state-wide stay-at-home order but did place some restrictions on businesses to slow the spread.
As the state reopens, restaurants can open for limited dine-in services from May 1 but can only operate at a third of its normal capacity.
Gyms and indoor recreational facilities can resume operations from April 30. Restrictions can lift on hair salons and barber shops on May 1.
State parks can reopen from May 1.
Cases: 58,685 – Deaths: 2,388
California is one of the few states that appears to have stopped the spread of the virus, according to data.
The state has a secondary infection rate of 0.84. California was among the first to go into lockdown with some of the strictest measures in the US.
As the state reopens, there is still an indefinite stay-at-home order and gatherings in a single room or place are prohibited.
Some businesses in the state will receive permission to reopen as early May 8. Clothing stores, sporting goods, florists and other retailers to resume operations with curbside pickup.
Nonessential businesses are limited to minimum operations or remote work. Dining in at restaurants and office reopenings are still prohibited.
Essential surgeries are now being allowed in California.
Six counties in the Bay Area, including San Francisco, have extended its shelter-in-place order until mid-May but will allow construction to restart. Three Northern California counties have already reopened in defiance of state orders.
Cases 17,367 – Deaths 903
Colorado has managed to slow the spread of the virus with a 0.88 secondary infection rate. Infections across the state have been gradually increasing throughout the pandemic.
The state was among the first to lift restrictions with elective surgeries and retail curbside delivery beginning on April 27. Hair salons, dental offices and tattoo shops could also reopen that date with restrictions.
Other retail was allowed to reopen from May 4 with social distancing restrictions. Large workplaces could reopen on May 4 at 50% capacity.
Restaurants and bars are still limited to takeout only.
The state’s stay-at-home order expired April 26 but residents are still urged to stay home where possible.
Colorado has managed to slow the spread of the virus with a 0.88 secondary infection rate. Infections across the state have been gradually increasing throughout the pandemic
Cases: 37,439 – Deaths: 1,471
Florida is among the states that appear to have slowed the spread of coronavirus with a secondary infection rate of 0.89. Infections have been steadily declining since peaking in early April.
It comes as the state started reopen some businesses on May 4 except for in Broward, Miami-Dade and Palm Beach counties.
Restaurants can now offer outdoor seating six-feet between tables and indoor seating at 25% capacity.
Retail can operate at 25% capacity.
Bars, gyms, movie theaters and personal services – like hair salons – are to remain closed.
Some beaches and parks reopened from April 17 if it could be done safely.
Cases: 30,527 – Deaths: 1,302
Georgia, which became a lightning rod for criticism in the national debate over reopening, appears to have slowed the spread, according to Rt data.
The state currently has a secondary infection rate of 0.82, which essentially means the virus has stopped spreading. Infections appear to be slowly declining in the state.
Georgia is continuing on its aggressive course to reopening after the statewide shelter-at-home order expired.
Gyms, hair salons, bowling alleys and tattoo parlors started reopening from April 24 as long as owners followed strict social-distancing and hygiene requirements.
Elective medical procedures can also resume. Movie theaters may resume selling tickets and restaurants limited to takeout orders can return to limited dine-in service from April 27.
At-risk people are urged to remain home until May 13.
Bars, live performance venues and amusement parks will remain closed. Religious institutions are still urged to hold drive-thru or online services for now.
Cases: 2,127 – Deaths: 65
Idaho appears to have slowed the spread of coronavirus with a 0.81 secondary infection rate. Infections also appear to have declined since cases peaked in early April.
As the state starts reopening, some business are allowed to offer curbside pick up, drive in and drive thru services.
Bars and restaurants limited to take-out only.
Child-care centers were able to reopen May 1 under the first phase of the reopening plan. Churches can reopen, with distancing and sanitation rules. Bars, gyms, salons, movie theaters and sporting venues remain closed.
Cases: 65,962 – Deaths: 2,838
Illinois appears to have slowed the spread with a secondary infection rate of 0.90.
The number of infections have been increasing across the state since the pandemic began.
The state’s stay-at-home order is currently in place until at least May 30, which includes school and nonessential business closures.
From May 1, nonessential businesses could fill phone and online orders.
Some nonelective surgeries may resume, and many state parks are open for hiking and fishing. Face-coverings are mandatory for public places where social distance can´t be maintained.
Cases: 10,404 – Deaths: 219
Iowa is among the few states that are yet to stop the spread of the virus. The state currently has a secondary infection rate of 1.03, which means an average of one person is being infected by a COVID positive person.
Infections appear to have increased steadily throughout the pandemic.
After loosening business restrictions across most counties, Republican Gov. Kim Reynolds said that virus trends will dictate how soon she does the same in remaining counties, which include urban areas.
Iowa is among the states that had no stay-at-home order but some restrictions were imposed to stop the spread.
From May 1, restaurants can open at 50 percent capacity but no more than six people at one table.
Malls, fitness centers, libraries and retail stores can open at 50 percent capacity.
Horse and dog racing tracks can reopen with no spectators.All other businesses remain closed through May 15.
Cases: 21,872 – Deaths: 1,261
Indiana appears to have limited the spread of COVID-19, according to the data. Infections have been on the rise in the state since March.
The stay-home order was lifted May 4 for most of the state, while Republican Gov. Eric Holcomb allowed more manufacturers and retailers to reopen.
In-person restaurant dining and hair salons remain closed for another week.
Gyms, movie theaters, bars and casinos remain closed until at least late May.
Holcomb says he hopes to restart nearly all activities by July 4.
Cases: 5,822 – Deaths: 275
Kentucky is yet to curb the spread of the virus, according to Rt data. The state currently has a 1.0 Rt secondary infection rate. Infections do appear to be declining in the state.
Kentucky has no stay-at-home order but anyone going out in public will have to wear a mask from May 11.
Dentists, chiropractors, optometrists were allowed to start taking non-urgent patients from April 27. Prior to that, those services were only allowed to take urgent appointments.
Outpatient/ambulatory surgery and invasive procedures can begin May 7. Elective and non-urgent procedures can resume at 50 percent capacity from May 13.
Manufacturing, construction, car dealerships and professional services can start May 11 at 50% capacity.
Retail and houses of worship can begin May 20. Barber shops and salons can reopen from May 25.
Restaurants and bars can likely reopen for dining in June.
Cases: 29,996 – Deaths: 2,115
Louisiana has stopped the spread of the virus, according to the Rt data with a secondary infection rate of 0.78 – one of the lowest in the country. Infections have also been decreasing after spiking in early April.
At the beginning of the outbreak, Louisiana was expected to becoming an emerging hotspot given its sudden increase in infections and deaths.
As the state slowly lifts its strict lockdown measures, bars and restaurants are limited to take-out only but from May 1 they will be allowed to let customers eat in outdoor areas as long as there’s no table service.
Malls can also start operating curbside retail from May 1.
The state’s stay-at-home order has been extended until May 15 and there’s a 10 person limit on gatherings.
Cases: 1,254 – Deaths: 61
Maine appears to have limited the spread of coronavirus with a secondary infection rate of 0.95. Infections across the state have been slowly decreasing.
With a safer-at-home order lasting through May, restrictions were lifted May 1 on golf courses, many state parks and visits to dentists, barbers and hairdressers.
Restrictions are set to lift for restaurants, lodging and camping June 1.
Cases: 45,179 – Deaths: 4,256
Michigan has managed to stop the spread of coronavirus, according to Rt.Live data. The state has a 0.74 secondary infection rate, which is currently the lowest in the country. Cases in the state have been decreasing after peaking in early April.
The state’s stay-at-home order is in place until May 15.
Garden stores, nurseries, lawn-care, pest-control and landscaping operations were allowed to resume business from April 24.
The construction industry can return to work on May 7.
Nonessential businesses are still limited to minimum operations or remote work. Retailers that do not sell necessary supplies can reopen for curbside pickup and delivery.
Bars and restaurants limited to take-out only.
Cases: 8,579 – Deaths: 485
Minnesota is one of the few states across the US that is yet to stop the spread of the virus, according to Rt.Live data. The state currently has a 1.03 secondary infection rate. Infections have been increasing over the course of the pandemic.
In terms of reopening, only businesses that don’t interact with the public can reopen from April 27.
It includes those in industrial, manufacturing and office settings. Retail stores must remain closed.
The state’s stay-at-home order still runs through to at least May 3.
Entertainment and performance venues remain closed and bars and restaurants are limited to take-out only.
Cases: 8,207 – Deaths: 342
Mississippi is among the states that appears to have slowed the spread of the virus. The state currently has a 0.90 secondary infection rate.
In Mississippi, retail stores, including those in strip malls and shopping centers, are now allowed to reopen on April 27 if they reduce their customer capacity by 50 percent at any given time.
Businesses that can’t avoid person-to-person contact, including gyms, cinemas and salons, are to remain closed.
Elective medical and dental procedures are now allowed.
The state’s stay at home order has been extended until at least May 11.
Cases: 9,200 – Deaths: 409
Missouri appears to have slowed the spread of the virus with a 0.90 secondary infection rate. Infections appeared to decrease after peaking in early April but experience another surge late in the month.
From May 4, all businesses will be allowed to reopen and social events can resume as long as residents and business owners continue social distancing and limit capacity.
Local governments can impose stricter limitations if their officials believe it is necessary.
Kansas City’s stay-at-home order is scheduled to continue through May 15.
Cases: 456 – Deaths: 16
Montana is among the states that appears to have slowed the spread of the virus. While the state’s secondary infection rate is among the lowest at 0.78, the state has a large range of interval of values that Rt might actually be. According to the data, that means the state might not have curbed the spread.
Infections in Montana have been on the decline with peaking in early April.
In terms of reopening, churches resumed services on April 27.
Starting May 4, restaurants and bars can start providing some dine-in services.
Schools have the option to return to in-classroom instruction May 7.
Visitors from out of state still must self-quarantine for 14 day.
Cases: 6,374 – Deaths: 78
Nebraska, which doesn’t have a stay-at-home order, is among the few states that are yet to curb the spread. The state has a secondary infection rate of 1.09, which means more than one person will become infected by a COVID positive person.
Infections have increased drastically over the course of the pandemic.
From May 4, people can dine-in at restaurants but they must remain six feet apart and everyone must wear masks.
Bars are still limited to take-out only.
Hair salons, tattoo parlors and strip clubs closed through May 31.
There’s a 10 person limit on gatherings.
Cases: 5,660 – Deaths: 276
Nevada is among the states that have limited the spread of COVID-19, according to the data. Infections peaked in early April but have almost plateaued since then.
Democratic Gov. Steve Sisolak extended a stay-at-home order until May 15 and says he may allow the reopening, on that date or sooner, of many nonessential businesses.
But he said bars, casinos and shopping malls would likely stay shuttered.
Sisolak is still deciding whether he will allow restaurants, barber shops and salons to reopen in mid-May with other businesses.
Cases: 2,636 – Deaths: 91
New Hampshire appears to have limited the spread of the virus, according to Rt.Live data. The state has a secondary infection rate of 0.94. Infections appear to be increasing in the state.
New Hampshire’s stay-at-home order is extended until May 31.
Drive-in theaters, golf courses and hair salons will be allowed to start up again from May 11 with strict social distancing.
Restaurants that have outdoor seating can reopen from May 18 if tables can be spaced six feet apart.
Campgrounds, manufacturing services and state parks can open immediately if they follow the guidelines.
Cases: 1,323 – Deaths: 31
North Dakota, which has no stay-at-home order, appears to have limited the spread of the virus. Infections appear to be increasing and the secondary rate of infection is currently 0.93.
Bars and restaurants, recreational facilities, health clubs and athletic facilities, salons, and tattoo studios can reopen from May 1 with social distancing measures.
Movie theaters must limit admittance to 20% capacity.
Cases: 20,969 – Deaths: 1,135
Ohio appears to have limited the spread of the virus, according to Rt.Live data. The state has a secondary infection rate of 0.81. Infection appear to be decreasing in the state following a steady rise early in the pandemic.
Non-essential surgeries that don’t require an overnight hospital stay will start May 1.
Manufacturing, distribution and construction sectors will reopen May 4, following by consumer retail and services on May 12.
Companies will need to require employees and customers to wear face masks and follow social distancing guidelines.
Cases: 4,203 – Deaths: 253
Oklahoma appears to have limited the spread of the virus with a 0.99 secondary infection rate. Infections in the state peaked in early April before gradually declining since then.
Some businesses that were closed in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus were allowed to reopen from April 24 and others can reopen within 10 days.
Barbershops, hair and nail salons, pet groomers and spas were allowed to reopen from April 24. The move is contingent on businesses practicing social distancing, and employees and customers must wear masks if they are within six feet of each other.
Restaurants, movie theaters, gyms and places of worship can reopen May 1. Nurseries tied to places of worship will remain closed.
Cases: 6,841 – Deaths: 296
South Carolina appears to have stopped the spread of the virus with a secondary infection rate of 0.82. Infections peaked in the state in early April but have not yet had a steady decline since.
Department stores, sporting goods stores and flea markets are among the businesses allowed to reopen in parts of the state from April 20.
Other stores selling furniture, books, music, flowers, clothing and accessories can also reopen. The businesses are allowed to open at 20 percent capacity, or five people per 1,000 square feet.
Beaches are also allowed to reopen April 21.
Cases: 2,780 – Deaths: 29
South Dakota is among the few states that are yet to stop the spread of the virus, according to the data. It currently has a 1.01 rate of secondary infection. Infections appeared to peak in late April but appear to be declining since then.
Republican Gov. Kristi Noem didn’t order any severe restrictions, instead asking people to observe social distancing and avoid groups larger than 10.
Still, Noem last week issued a ‘Back to Normal’ plan that advised businesses to open doors while taking precautions to keep people spread apart.
Cases: 13,690 – Deaths: 226
Tennessee is among the states that appear to have curbed the spread of the virus for an extended period. The state has a secondary infection rate of 0.95. Infections in the state have been increasing over the course of the pandemic.
Businesses in most counties can reopen as early as April 27.
Retail stores, which can reopen from April 29, and restaurants will operate with a 50 percent customer capacity. Many of Tennessee’s 56 parks will open on Friday.
Businesses can expect temperature checks, enforced mask wearing and social distancing.
Large cities including Nashville, Memphis and Knoxville can decide on their own when to reopen.
Cases 33,913 – Deaths 925
Texas is among the few states that appear to have stopped the spread. Its secondary infection rate is 0.76. Cases increased in early April before appearing to decline. Cases have been increasing again in recent days.
Retail stores, restaurants, movie theaters and malls can reopen at a 25 percent reduced capacity from May 1.
State parks reopened on April 20 but people must wear face coverings and masks and adhere to social distancing. People also cannot visit in groups of five or more.
Hospitals could resumed surgeries on April 22 that had been postponed by coronavirus.
Schools and universities will remain closed for the rest of the year.
Cases: 5,449 – Deaths: 56
Utah appears to have slowed the spread of the virus with a secondary infection rate of 0.95. Cases have been steadily increasing throughout the pandemic.
There is no stay-at-home order but some restrictions were enforced. Restaurants can allow customers dine in again with precautions from May 1.
Gyms and personal services including hair salons can reopen May 1.
Cases: 908 – Deaths: 52
According to the Rt.Live data, Vermont appears to have been limiting the spread of the virus throughout the entire pandemic. Cases peaked in early April but have been declining since them.
A stay-at-home order for the state runs through May 15.
Construction, home appraisers, property management and municipal clerks can reopen from April 27 with a maximum of five workers.
Farmers markets can operate from May 1.
Outdoor retail space can allow in-person shopping with a max of 10 people.
Cases: 1,242 – Deaths: 50
West Virginia appears to have lowered the spread of the virus and has a low secondary rate of infection. But the state has a large range of interval of values that the Rt might actually be, which means it might not have curbed the spread.
Infections appeared to peak in mid April but have been declining since then.
Elective surgeries can resume from April 30.
Small businesses with less than 10 employees can reopen next week, including hair and nail slaons, barber shops and pet grooming.
There is an indefinite stay-at-home order.
Bars and restaurants limited to take-out only.
Cases: 8,556 – Deaths: 353
Wisconsin is among the few states that is yet to curb the spread, according to Rt.Live data. The state currently has a 1.0 rate of secondary infections. Cases have been gradually increasing in Wisconsin for the duration of the pandemic.
The stay-at-home order has been extended to May 26.
Nonessential businesses and public libraries can have curbside pickup and delivery.
Groomers, engine repair shops are allowed to do curbside drops offs.
Golf courses are open.
Some state parks will reopen from May 1.
Cases: 30,621- Deaths: 2,633
Connecticut appears to have curbed the spread of the virus, according to the data after a shelter in place order was given early in the pandemic. Infections are on the decline after peaking in mid-April.
There’s a stay-at-home order in the state that runs through May 20.
Five person limit on social gatherings, 50-person limit for religious services.
Non-essential businesses must suspend all in-person operations and bars and restaurants are limited to take-out only.
Out-of-state visitors strongly urged to self-quarantine.
If the state meets certain criteria by May 20, including 14 days of downward infections, increased testing availability and sufficient contact tracing methods, it will forge ahead with partial reopening.
If that criteria is met, restaurants with outdoor seating, offices, hair and nail salons and outdoor museums and zoos will be allowed to reopen.
Cases: 5,778 – Deaths: 193
Delaware appears to have curbed the spread of the virus with a 0.96 rate of secondary infections. The number of infections have been sporadically increasing and decreasing throughout the pandemic.
Stay-at-home order through May 15.
10 person limit on gatherings.
Nonessential businesses limited to minimum operations or remote work.
Visitors from out of state who aren’t just passing through must self-quarantine for 14 days.
Bars and restaurants limited to take-out only.
Cases: 625 – Deaths: 17
Hawaii appears to have limited the spread of the virus throughout the duration of the pandemic. It could be a result of the island state forcing visitors to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Infections peaked early in the pandemic but have declined drastically since then.
The state’s stay-at-home order has been extended until May 31.
10 person limit on gatherings
Nonessential businesses limited to minimum operations or remote work
Visitors from out of state must self-quarantine for 14 days
Bars and restaurants limited to take-out only
Cases: 5,671 – Deaths: 161
Kansas is among the few states that is yet to limit the spread of coronavirus with a secondary infection rate of 1.03. Cases have been steadily increasing in the state since mid-April.
The state’s stay-at-home order ran until May 3.
10 person limit on gatherings – exempting funerals and religious services with social distancing
Nonessential businesses limited to minimum operations or remote work
Residents who traveled to California, Florida, New York or Washington state after March 14, or visited Illinois or New Jersey after March 22, must self-quarantine for 14 days
Bars and restaurants limited to take-out only.