The number of homeless people going to A&E has tripled in the last seven years, an investigation has revealed.
Almost 32,000 emergency visits were recorded in English NHS hospitals last year, up from 11,000 in 2011.
A 15-fold increase was noted at one hospital trust in central London, while many parts of the country have seen their numbers rocket 500 per cent or more.
Experts say the use of spice and other strong drugs, fewer preventative health services and a lack of social housing could be to blame for worsening problems.
The number of homeless people visiting A&E departments in England has risen from just over 11,000 in 2011 to nearly 32,000 in 2018, figures from the British Medical Association found
The British Medical Association uncovered the figures using Freedom of Information requests to hospitals around the country.
Admissions onto hospital wards through accident and emergency departments also rose 175 per cent, from 3,378 in 2011 to 9,282 in 2018.
More than a quarter of GPs also said in a survey they had seen an increase in the number of homeless patients during the past five years.
And homeless patients’ medical problems are become increasingly complex, making caring for them extra difficult, experts say.
‘If this was some disease causing all these problems it would be a much higher priority,’ said the BMA’s public health medicine committee chair, Dr Peter English.
‘But because victims can be blamed and stigmatised it is easy for Government to ignore.
‘The growing numbers of rough sleepers and vulnerably housed people in our society is a continuing tragedy.
‘To stand by silently as our NHS faces increasing strain and our society becomes increasingly unequal would be unacceptable.’
London fared worst in the A&E figures, with nearly a third (9,612) of all homeless visits occuring in four hospitals there.
Barts Health Trust, which serves the centre and east of the city, had the highest number with 3,422.
While King’s College Hospital, in south London, was second worst and had the biggest increase, with admissions up 1,563 per cent.
Manchester, Bristol and Leeds also all had at least one hospital which saw 1,000 or more visits from homeless people in 2018.
The total of 31,924 visits are estimated to have cost the NHS £4.7million, with an average visit to A&E costing £148.
And admissions onto wards, which cost an average of £400 a day, are thought to have cost more than £2million.
HOW MUCH HAVE A&E VISITS FROM HOMELESS PEOPLE INCREASED?
- 2011: 11,305
- 2012: 13,572
- 2013: 18,829
- 2014: 21,859
- 2015: 25,110
- 2016: 29,466
- 2017: 30,446
- 2018: 31,924
Source: British Medical Association
HOW MUCH HAVE INPATIENT STAYS FROM HOMELESS PEOPLE INCREASED?
- 2011: 3,378
- 2012: 3,873
- 2013: 5,134
- 2014: 6,398
- 2015: 7,945
- 2016: 9,278
- 2017: 9,274
- 2018: 9,282
Source: British Medical Association
Barts and King’s College, alongside St George’s Hospital in south-west London, also ranked worst by this measure, with more than 2,000 admissions each.
In a detailed report in industry magazine, The Doctor, experts suggest damage caused by drugs – including formerly ‘legal highs’ known as spice and mamba – could be adding to health problems among the homeless.
‘There are some incredibly extreme behaviours,’ Nottingham GP Marcus Bicknell told the magazine.
‘In recent times injecting a combination of crack and heroin called a snowball or screwball into the groin is becoming normal behaviour on the streets, which is frightening.
‘And I have a patient who chopped his earlobes off on mamba when he was psychotic.
‘You see these most bizarre psychotic behaviours unique to these drugs and our knowledge and understanding is still evolving and emerging.’
Experts also explain how Government cuts to services to help people kick addictions, get out of debt and find somewhere to live have made getting out of the spiral of homelessness more challenging.
|Hospital trust||A&E attendances 2010/11||A&E attendances 2017/18||Percentage Increase|
|King’s College Hospital||195||3,048||1,563%|
|St George’s Healthcare||2,429||N/A|
|Central Manchester University Hospitals||1,004||1,887||188%|
|Pennine Acute Hospitals||860||1,396||162%|
|University Hospitals Bristol||1,056||N/A|
|Leeds Teaching Hospitals||653||1,052||161%|
|Croydon Health Services||507||713||141%|
|The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals||763||654||86%|
|University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire||264||596||226%|
|Worcestershire Acute Hospitals||261||518||198%|
|York Teaching Hospital||515||N/A|
|University Hospitals Of Leicester||307||504||164%|
|University Hospital Birmingham||242||499||206%|
|Luton and Dunstable University Hospital||395||482||122%|
|The Whittington Hospital||471||N/A|
|Western Sussex Hospitals||434||454||105%|
|Sheffield Teaching Hospitals||174||446||256%|
|Nottingham University Hospitals||393||430||109%|
|Homerton University Hospital||427||405||95%|
|Mid Cheshire Hospitals||106||382||360%|
|Royal Devon and Exeter||364||N/A|
|East Sussex County Healthcare||135||362||268%|
|Royal Free London||328||N/A|
|Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh||320||N/A|
|Sherwood Forest Hospitals||314||N/A|
|Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells||300||N/A|
|Colchester Hospital University||286||N/A|
|Taunton and Somerset||282||N/A|
|The Hillingdon Hospitals||169||278||165%|
|St Helens and Knowsley Hospitals||190||268||141%|
|Shrewsbury and Telford Hospital||137||262||191%|
|Surrey and Sussex Healthcare||240||N/A|
|South Tees Hospitals||20||225||1,125%|
|Aintree University Hospital||39||219||562%|
|The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, King’s Lynn.||193||N/A|
|North Cumbria University Hospitals||152||182||120%|
|Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals||101||167||165%|
|Southend University Hospital||157||N/A|
|Northampton General Hospital||73||144||197%|
|Mid Yorkshire Hospitals||143||N/A|
|The Royal Bournemouth and Christchurch Hospitals||142||N/A|
|Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals||82||139||170%|
|Dorset County Hospital||71||129||182%|
|University Hospitals Derby||165||127||77%|
|Cambridge University Hospitals||193||115||60%|
|South Devon Healthcare||152||99||65%|
|Southport and Ormskirk Hospital||91||N/A|
|Calderdale and Huddersfield||12||79||658%|
|Yeovil District Hospital||91||78||86%|
|Weston Area Health||64||N/A|
|University Hospitals Of Morecambe Bay||58||N/A|
|University Hospital Of North Midlands||72||41||57%|
|Hinchingbrooke Health Care||40||N/A|
|Warrington and Halton Hospitals||13||33||254%|
|Blackpool Teaching Hospitals||36||15||42%|
|Birmingham Women and Children’s Hospital||0||0||N/A|