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Tesla’s Model 3 Gigafactory set to hit full speed

Panasonic said output at the $5 billion battery ‘Gigafactory’ it runs with electric vehicle maker Tesla Inc could soon increase as the causes of bottlenecks that have hobbled production are now understood.

Panasonic, the world’s largest automotive lithium-ion battery manufacturer, makes battery cells to which Tesla adds electronics to make battery packs for its cars.

Tesla earlier this month blamed manufacturing bottlenecks for limiting quarterly production of its mass-market Model 3 sedan to 260 vehicles rather than its 1,500 goal.


With production underway at the Gigafactory, the company is churning out lithium ion battery cells by the masses in hopes to ultimately reduce the cost of sustainable energy

Panasonic Chief Executive Kazuhiro Tsuga said at an earnings briefing that delays to the automation of the battery pack production line meant some stages had to be completed manually.

‘This process (for battery packs) will be soon automated, and then the number of vehicles to be produced will rise sharply,’ Tsuga said. 

He declined to comment to what extent Model 3 production would be behind its targeted schedule.

The comments came as Panasonic on Tuesday said automotive demand helped July-September operating profit rise 6 percent, beating analyst estimates. 

It maintained its 335 billion yen ($2.96 billion) forecast for the year ending March.

Analysts have said Panasonic’s massive Gigafactory bet makes the firm highly sensitive to Tesla’s strategy. 

On Tuesday, Tsuga acknowledged the bottlenecks could impact earnings, but said the contract with Tesla was designed to hedge various risks. He also said battery businesses with other clients are profitable.

Panasonic sees batteries as central to its plan to nearly double automotive business revenue to 2.5 trillion yen by the year through March 2022. 


Tesla’s ‘Gigafactory’ is located on Electric Avenue in Sparks, Nevada.

The factory’s name stems from ‘giga,’ a unit of measurement that represents billions.

One gigawatt hour is the equivalent of generating one billion watts for one hour — one million times that of one kilowatt hour.

Once completed in 2020, the factory is set to become one of the biggest buildings in the world, with a final size of 10 million square feet

Once completed in 2020, the factory is set to become one of the biggest buildings in the world, with a final size of 10 million square feet

Tesla says the factory will be producing 35 gigawatt hours of batteries by 2018.

That’s the equivalent to the entire world’s production in 2014.

New York City uses around 52 gigawatt hours of energy per year. 

Once completed in 2020, the factory is set to become one of the biggest buildings in the world, with a final size of 10 million square feet.

Already, the current structure has a footprint of 1.9 million square feet, which houses 4.9 million square feet of operational space across several floors. 

‘We are still less than 30 percent done, and once complete, we expect the Gigafactory to be the biggest building in the world,’ Tesla said. 

To that end, it has been aggressively expanding battery production capacity globally.

It plans to start production this financial year ending March at a new plant in Dalian, China, and is adding production lines in Japan – steps that could allow it to reduce dependence on Tesla.

Noboru Sato, a former battery engineer at Honda Motor Co Ltd and former vice president of South Korean rechargeable battery maker Samsung SDI Co Ltd, said Panasonic ‘decided to build the plant in China on requests from Honda and Toyota Motor Corp.’

Toyota and Honda, already customers of Panasonic batteries, were seeking ways of procuring batteries in China, Sato said, as the government in the world’s largest automobile market promotes electric vehicles as a means of combating pollution.

‘Panasonic’s decision to produce batteries in China has solved their problems,’ Sato said.

Panasonic, Honda and Toyota declined to comment. ($1 = 113.3000 yen)

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