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The global map of dementia: Scientists reveal the memory-robbing disorder has skyrocketed by 117%

 Country/region Approximate number of dementia cases in 2016 (uncertainty range) % change in age-standardised rates since 1990 Global 43,835,665 (37,756,336 to 51,028,051) 1·7 (1·0 to 2·4) High socio-demographic index (SDI) development  15,164,211 (13,282,384 to 17,306,959) 0·3 (-1·2 to 1·7) High-middle SDI 8,858,166 (7,587,609 to 10,305,640) 8·1 (6·7 to 10·4) Middle SDI 13,200,041 (11,201,343 to 15,593,470) 1·5 (0·7 to 2·3) Low-middle SDI 5,348,335 (4,509,649 to 6,326,468) -2·7 (-3·4 to -2·1) Low SDI 1,110,454 (934,598 to 1,315,691) -3·0 (-3·9 to -1·9) High-income North America 4,347,849 (3,975,725 to 4,734,147) -1·6 (-7·3 to 4·9) Canada 317,027 (280,886 to 352,468) -5·9 (-10·1 to -1·0) Greenland 151 (125 to 178) -4·0 (-7·1 to -0·5) USA 4,029,450 (3,696,312 to 4,387,981) -0·5 (-6·4 to 6·4) Australasia 251,413 (217,349 to 287,182) -9·1 (-15·4 to -4·0) Australia 211,208 (183,061 to 240,574) -9·2 (-16·5 to -3·1) New Zealand 40,206 (33,855 to 47,870) -8·4 (-15·1 to -3·5) High-income Asia-Pacific 4,216,158 (3,589,877 to 4,949,994) 15·6 (13·7 to 17·4) Brunei 1,311 (1,119 to 1,530) -4·1 (-7·1 to -0·8) Japan 3,530,611 (2,999,793 to 4,177,416) 17·8 (15·7 to 19·8) Singapore 37,905 (31,673 to 44,582) 11·5 (0·5 to 26·8) South Korea 646,331 (558,444 to 744,282) -4·2 (-9·4 to 0·5) Western Europe 6,586,827 (5,634,206 to 7,629,868) -8·1 (-10·9 to -5·3) Andorra 1,253 (1,060 to 1,492) -4·9 (-8·4 to -1·6) Austria 126,914 (106,564 to 151,088) -3·9 (-7·3 to -0·1) Belgium 181,350 (153,218 to 215,482) -9·2 (-15·4 to -3·8) Cyprus 9,644 (8,181 to 11,464) -1·7 (-4·6 to 1·5) Denmark 55,336 (47,063 to 64,457) -20·1 (-29·4 to -13·7) Finland 83,950 (70,832 to 99,790) -7·4 (-13·6 to -2·7) France 877,760 (739,227 to 1,050,674) 1·1 (?5·4 to 10·2) Germany 1,201,668 (996,430 to 1,425,812) -17·7 (-28·4 to -10·3) Greece 192,563 (161,441 to 229,260) -3·7 (-7·1 to -0·3) Iceland 3,373 (2,842 to 4,000) -6·5 (-9·6 to -3·7) Ireland 43,235 (36,676 to 51,258) -4·9 (-8·2 to -1·0) Israel 69,596 (58,898 to 82,970) -3·9 (-7·2 to -0·8) Italy 1,370,308 (1,152,154 to 1,583,588) -2·9 (-11·3 to 4·7) Luxembourg 5,022 (4,319 to 5,912) -10·9 (-17·7 to -5·4) Malta 5,145 (4,332 to 6,119) -4·5 (-7·7 to -1·2) Netherlands 192,425 (169,675 to 221,880) -16·8 (-24·8 to -8·7) Norway 67,207 (57,096 to 79,609) -9·7 (-16·1 to -4·0) Portugal 166,660 (139,562 to 201,560) -4·3 (-8·0 to -0·9) Spain 830,915 (712,248 to 952,265) -12·7 (-17·0 to -8·7) Sweden 142,735 (121,220 to 169,371) -4·0 (-9·0 to 0·4) Switzerland 115,476 (97,869 to 138,074) -6·1 (-10·6 to -2·2) UK 838,693 (708,801 to 995,493) -10·3 (-11·7 to -9·1) Southern Latin America 375,984 (315,602 to 448,261) -4·4 (-7·0 to -2·0) Argentina 243,618 (205,012 to 290,358) -4·0 (-7·1 to -0·7) Chile 104,523 (87,150 to 124,669) -5·9 (-12·4 to 0·0) Uruguay 27,817 (23,177 to 33,439) -4·6 (-7·4 to -1·7) Eastern Europe 1,554,081 (1,291,061 to 1,855,425) -1·2 (-3·7 to 1·3) Belarus 72,664 (60,673 to 87,181) -1·2 (-5·2 to 2·9) Estonia 13,540 (11,248 to 16,325) -1·6 (-6·1 to 2·5) Latvia 20,677 (17,216 to 24,940) -0·5 (-3·9 to 3·1) Lithuania 30,147 (25,142 to 36,420) -0·8 (-4·3 to 3·2) Moldova 20,777 (17,415 to 24,766) -1·6 (-4·5 to 1·9) Russia 1,025,660 (849,865 to 1,229,568) -1·0 (-4·8 to 3·1) Ukraine 370,615 (306,917 to 442,613) -1·6 (-4·8 to 2·2) Central Europe 1,033,615 (861,756 to 1,235,186) -3·5 (-6·8 to -1·4) Albania 18,048 (15,048 to 21,732) -1·6 (-5·3 to 2·9) Bosnia and Herzegovina 31,804 (26,614 to 37,994) -0·5 (-4·0 to 3·5) Bulgaria 76,346 (63,003 to 92,366) -0·6 (-4·8 to 2·8) Croatia 45,148 (37,772 to 53,815) -1·3 (-4·9 to 2·3) Czech Republic 96,200 (80,221 to 115,100) -1·4 (-4·9 to 2·6) Hungary 94,633 (78,970 to 113,490) -1·6 (-5·7 to 2·0) Macedonia 12,787 (10,606 to 15,262) 0·3 (-3·4 to 4·0) Montenegro 4,553 (3,772 to 5,472) 0·4 (-3·0 to 3·8) Poland 333,656 (277,898 to 399,034) -8·8 (-18·1 to -3·0) Romania 182,066 (151,548 to 217,820) -0·9 (-4·6 to 3·0) Serbia 76,985 (64,237 to 91,993) -0·4 (-3·8 to 3·5) Slovakia 39,642 (33,110 to 47,216) -1·3 (-4·9 to 2·8) Slovenia 21,745 (18,129 to 26,165) -2·4 (-5·5 to 1·3) Central Asia 247,867 (207,340 to 294,247) -0·9 (-2·6 to 0·9) Armenia 18,476 (15,412 to 22,206) -0·5 (-3·9 to 3·0) Azerbaijan 30,747 (25,808 to 36,580) 0·4 (-3·1 to 3·9) Georgia 30,310 (25,251 to 36,053) 0·2 (-3·7 to 4·3) Kazakhstan 56,927 (47,459 to 68,027) -0·8 (-4·7 to 2·7) Kyrgyzstan 13,141 (11,032 to 15,644) -0·2 (-4·2 to 3·6) Mongolia 5,635 (4,703 to 6,648) -0·2 (-3·6 to 3·2) Tajikistan 12,872 (10,841 to 15,131) -4·2 (-7·3 to -0·7) Turkmenistan 10,455 (8,785 to 12,366) -2·3 (-5·6 to 1·1) Uzbekistan 69,303 (57,761 to 81,697) -0·9 (-4·5 to 2·5) Central Latin America 1,268,251 (1,073,553 to 1,503,468) -5·2 (-6·5 to -4·2) Colombia 248,583 (210,857 to 295,501) -4·9 (-7·8 to -1·8) Costa Rica 31,865 (26,781 to 37,969) -4·2 (-7·3 to -0·7) El Salvador 37,416 (31,301 to 44,669) -3·7 (-7·4 to -0·5) Guatemala 57,458 (48,152 to 67,876) -2·6 (-5·8 to 0·7) Honduras 30,015 (25,259 to 35,678) -4·3 (-7·5 to -1·3) Mexico 679,581 (571,934 to 806,887) -3·9 (-5·0 to -3·0) Nicaragua 25,410 (21,451 to 30,239) -3·9 (-7·4 to -0·5) Panama 22,348 (18,867 to 26,700) -6·6 (-9·9 to -3·2) Venezuela 135,574 (115,292 to 158,925) -13·4 (-20·5 to -8·6) Andean Latin America 201,807 (171.097 to 237,657) -6·0 (-8·5 to -3·6) Bolivia 38,118 (31,800 to 45,400) -3·5 (-6·2 to -0·5) Ecuador 55,865 (47,213 to 65,937) -5·1 (-8·3 to -1·8) Peru 107,824 (91,186 to 126,723) -7·5 (-11·6 to -3·4) Caribbean 244,819 (206,229 to 289,536) -4·9 (-6·5 to -3·2) Antigua and Barbuda 372 (312 to 439) -1·6 (-5·1 to 1·8) The Bahamas 1,688 (1,413 to 2,012) 0·5 (?-·5 to 4·4) Barbados 2,224 (1,869 to 2,641) -2·0 (-5·3 to 1·7) Belize 707 (599 to 836) -3·9 (-7·1 to -0·7) Bermuda 356 (301 to 423) -4·0 (-7·3 to -0·8) Cuba 103,227 (86,496 to 122,320) -4·8 (-7·9 to -1·4) Dominica 357 (299 to 427) -3·5 (-6·9 to -0·4) Dominican Republic 39,760 (33,575 to 47,321) -6·2 (-9·4 to -3·1) Grenada 449 (375 to 534) -2·7 (-5·8 to 0·5) Guyana 1.850 (1.570 to 2.186) -1·6 (-5·2 to 1·5) Haiti 24,561 (20,588 to 29,210) -6·3 (-9·5 to -2·6) Jamaica 15,075 (12,743 to 17,797) -4·3 (-7·6 to -1·3) Puerto Rico 31,203 (26,216 to 37,065) -2·9 (-6·1 to 0·3) Saint Lucia 975 (811 to 1156) -2·1 (-5·5 to 1·2) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 454 (383 to 539) -4·6 (-7·5 to -1·6) Suriname 2,097 (1,764 to 2,484) -1·6 (-4·3 to 1·5) Trinidad and Tobago 6,739 (5,667 to 7,967) -2·9 (-6·1 to 0·4) Virgin Islands 881 (737 to 1051) -4·0 (-7·2 to -0·5) Tropical Latin America 1,725?,36 (1,470,749 to 2,025,314) 5·0 (2·4 to 7·9) Brazil 1,691,024 (1,440,967 to 1,983,529) 5·2 (2·5 to 8·2) Paraguay 34,712 (29,060 to 41,134) -6·1 (-8·9 to -3·0) East Asia 10,767,181 (9,212,998 to 12,591,276) 5·4 (4·2 to 6·7) China 10,427,487 (8,917,543 to 12,196,329) 5·6 (4·4 to 6·9) North Korea 136,430 (114,541 to 161,576) -3·8 (-7·0 to -0·4) Taiwan (province of China) 203,264 (171,769 to 238,879) 11·1 (3·6 to 23·8) Southeast Asia 3,337,721 (2,835,683 to 3,942,605) -1·5 (-2·6 to -0·4) Cambodia 50,393 (42,605 to 59,560) -3·9 (-7·3 to -0·6) Indonesia 1,111,081 (942,834 to 1,320,195) -0·1 (-1·3 to 1·1) Laos 20,678 (17,491 to 24,443) -1·5 (-5·1 to 2·1) Malaysia 159,491 (135,859 to 189,529) -0·9 (-4·8 to 3·3) Maldives 1,464 (1,236 to 1,731) 0·5 (-2·5 to 4·0) Mauritius 9,941 (8,400 to 11,689) -3·1 (-6·7 to 0·2) Myanmar 232,112 (198,607 to 272,903) -3·1 (-6·4 to 0·2) Philippines 359,689 (304,824 to 426,756) -0·8 (-3·8 to 2·3) Sri Lanka 127,331 (107,863 to 149,887) -0·1 (-3·5 to 3·9) Seychelles 653 (551 to 769) -1·1 (-3·9 to 2·0) Thailand 597,698 (505,189 to 703,496) -1·5 (-5·0 to 2·2) Timor-Leste 3,976 (3,338 to 4,745) -1·2 (-4·5 to 2·1) Vietnam 655,099 (558,892 to 775,483) -2·6 (-6·0 to 0·7) Oceania 28,064 (23,704 to 33,276) -1·6 (-3·8 to 0·2) American Samoa 173 (147 to 204) 1·0 (-2·7 to 4·7) Federated States of Micronesia 311 (263 to 364) -1·0 (-4·7 to 2·8) Fiji 3,182 (2,676 to 3,767) -0·7 (-4·0 to 3·1) Guam 1,061 (890 to 1,259) -1·8 (-5·1 to 1·8) Kiribati 298 (253 to 352) -1·2 (-4·4 to 1·7) Marshall Islands 159 (134 to 189) -1·7 (-5·0 to 1·8) Northern Mariana Islands 129 (111 to 149) -1·9 (-5·2 to 1·9) Papua New Guinea 15,398 (13,008 to 18,206) -2·2 (-5·7 to 1·0) Samoa 784 (662 to 930) -1·7 (-5·0 to 1·3) Solomon Islands 1,280 (1,081 to 1,514) -0·5 (-3·8 to 2·5) Tonga 499 (420 to 593) 0·0 (-3·0 to 3·6) Vanuatu 708 (594 to 843) -1·1 (-4·3 to 2·5) North Africa and Middle East 2,613,225 (2,220,174 to 3,075,460) -1·0 (-2·7 to 1·5) Afghanistan 65,639 (54,920 to 77,796) -1·5 (-4·8 to 2·5) Algeria 223,164 (188,279 to 265,420) -4·3 (-7·4 to -1·0) Bahrain 3,091 (2,638 to 3,618) -2·1 (-5·1 to 1·0) Egypt 355,367 (306,335 to 409,862) 0·9 (-3·0 to 5·4) Iran 368,528 (311,492 to 437,404) -1·2 (-4·2 to 2·0) Iraq 99,821 (84,081 to 119,541) -1·4 (-4·8 to 2·2) Jordan 25,413 (21,281 to 30,183) -0·8 (-4·6 to 2·7) Kuwait 7,097 (6,063 to 8,425) -2·5 (-5·6 to 0·3) Lebanon 45,656 (37,962 to 54,771) -3·0 (-6·5 to 0·4) Libya 25,567 (21,548 to 30,392) -0·7 (-3·8 to 2·6) Morocco 197,480 (165,612 to 233,425) -4·3 (-7·6 to -0·8) Oman 10,353 (8,822 to 12,263) -4·9 (-8·2 to -1·2) Palestine 11,635 (9,767 to 13,847) -1·6 (-5·3 to 2·3) Qatar 2,706 (2,292 to 3,174) -2·7 (-5·6 to 0·5) Saudi Arabia 91,232 (77,702 to 107,276) -0·2 (-1·6 to 1·0) Sudan 99,360 (83,462 to 118,168) -2·8 (-6·1 to 1·0) Syria 68,793 (58,115 to 81,155) -2·5 (-6·4 to 0·9) Tunisia 85,220 (71,552 to 101,268) -2·3 (-5·4 to 0·8) Turkey 754,169 (639,274 to 887,565) 2·5 (-2·4 to 9·9) United Arab Emirates 10,301 (8,769 to 12,096) -4·3 (-7·6 to -1·0) Yemen 61,063 (51,634 to 72,314) -4·5 (-7·7 to -0·7) South Asia 3,747,443 (3,149,228 to 4,457,380) -4·6 (-5·4 to -3·8) Bangladesh 401,328 (337,842 to 477,034) -0·6 (-3·9 to 3·3) Bhutan 1,712 (1,435 to 2,023) -2·8 (-5·7 to 1·1) India 2,933,814 (2,466,582 to 3,493,076) -5·5 (-6·2 to -4·7) Nepal 64,140 (53,603 to 76,362) -5·4 (-8·6 to -2·0) Pakistan 346,449 (290,105 to 410,068) -4·3 (-7·4 to -1·3) Southern sub-Saharan Africa 205,047 (172,093 to 245,564) -3·0 (-4·2 to -1·7) Botswana 3,896 (3,270 to 4,611) -3·2 (-7·0 to 0·7) eSwatini 1,987 (1,659 to 2,369) -4·8 (-8·0 to -1·3) Lesotho 4,363 (3,630 to 5,212) -1·7 (-5·2 to 2·4) Namibia 4,174 (3,493 to 4,971) -3·4 (-6·6 to -0·2) South Africa 167,424 (140,580 to 200,571) -3·1 (-4·4 to -1·8) Zimbabwe 23,203 (19,358 to 27,775) -2·5 (-5·9 to 1·1) Western sub-Saharan Africa 363,434 (308,212 to 428,346) -2·7 (-4·8 to 0·3) Benin 11,021 (9,397 to 12,958) -7·1 (-11·8 to -2·7) Burkina Faso 15,600 (13,128 to 18,543) -3·9 (-7·0 to -0·4) Cameroon 26,814 (22,544 to 31,740) -4·2 (-7·4 to -1·0) Cape Verde 1,185 (990 to 1,417) -3·8 (-7·2 to 0·0) Chad 12,784 (10,55 to 15,100) -4·0 (-6·8 to -1·1) Côte d’Ivoire 22,894 (19,142 to 27,192) -3·1 (-6·6 to 0·3) The Gambia 1,696 (1,432 to 2,011) -3·7 (-6·9 to -0·1) Ghana 32,390 (27,243 to 38,466) -3·0 (-6·4 to 0·2) Guinea 13,260 (11,180 to 15,706) -4·4 (-7·2 to -1·2) Guinea-Bissau 1,993 (1,679 to 2,360) -4·4 (-7·6 to -1·2) Liberia 4,642 (3,907 to 5,539) -3·5 (-7·2 to 0·1) Mali 15,724 (13,238 to 18,678) -3·7 (-6·8 to 0·0) Mauritania 4,793 (4,035 to 5,686) -3·0 (-6·0 to 0·5) Niger 17,365 (14,617 to 20,614) -2·8 (-6·0 to 0·5) Nigeria 152,733 (129,008 to 179,828) -0·9 (-5·7 to 6·9) São Tomé and Príncipe 259 (217 to 311) -3·5 (-6·6 to 0·2) Senegal 15,915 (13,412 to 18,930) -6·0 (-9·2 to -2·7) Sierra Leone 5,612 (4,710 to 6,643) -3·6 (-6·5 to -0·3) Togo 6,730 (5,653 to 8,034) -4·1 (-7·6 to -0·9) Eastern sub-Saharan Africa 508,756 (428,178 to 603,846) -4·1 (-5·4 to -2·8) Burundi 12,408 (10,409 to 14,752) -4·4 (-7·5 to -0·7) Comoros 993 (832 to 1,172) -4·1 (-7·9 to -0·7) Djibouti 1,639 (1,378 to 1,947) -4·1 (-6·9 to -1·2) Eritrea 5,465 (4,580 to 6,486) -5·5 (-9·0 to -1·9) Ethiopia 145,109 (121,512 to 172,680) -4·1 (-7·7 to -0·5) Kenya 61,120 (51,624 to 72,287) -2·1 (-2·8 to -1·5) Madagascar 31,885 (26,736 to 37,901) -3·1 (-6·8 to 0·3) Malawi 24,419 (20,280 to 29,218) -3·4 (-6·9 to 0·0) Mozambique 41,436 (34,782 to 49,571) -4·0 (-7·4 to -0·7) Rwanda 15,536 (13,147 to 18,296) -4·1 (-7·5 to -0·3) Somalia 12,957 (10,830 to 15,461) -5·2 (-8·7 to -1·7) South Sudan 18,205 (15,254 to 21,613) -4·9 (-8·5 to -1·6) Tanzania 74,748 (63,715 to 87,463) -5·9 (-10·0 to -2·2) Uganda 42,050 (35,224 to 50,418) -4·2 (-7·4 to -0·6) Zambia 20,323 (16,876 to 24,320) -2·5 (-6·1 to 1·2) Central sub-Saharan Africa 210,389 (176,711 to 249,382) -2·5 (-4·9 to 0·0) Angola 36,872 (30,732 to 43,858) -3·1 (-6·6 to 0·3) Central African Republic 12,817 (10,652 to 15,123) 3·4 (-2·2 to 12·0) Congo (Brazzaville) 11,239 (9,653 to 12,938) 2·3 (-4·4 to 9·3) Democratic Republic of the Congo 141,576 (118,678 to 168,958) -3·4 (-6·8 to 0·5) Equatorial Guinea 1,716 (1,452 to 2,015) -4·4 (-8·4 to -0·8) Gabon 6,170 (5,123 to 7,355) -2·0 (-5·3 to 1·8)

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