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The most common causes of hearing loss and who may be at risk of hearing loss

Hearing loss worldwide affects about half a billion people (almost 8% of the world’s population). The incidence rate increases with age. More than a third of people over 65 and more than half of older people over 75 suffer from hearing loss.

In most cases, hearing loss occurs gradually over a long period of time.

Possible causes and signs of hearing loss

  • Mechanical obstruction (due to wax buildup, foreign body in the ear, outer ear infection, or tumor)
  • Middle ear infection (acute or chronic)
  • Ear injury
  • Otosclerosis
  • Tumors (malignant or benign)
  • Genetic disorders
  • Noise exposure
  • Presbycusis
  • Medications (ototoxic drugs)
  • Infections (meningitis, purulent infection of the inner ear)
  • Autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus)
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Pressure changes
  • Head injury
  • Auditory neuropathy
  • Tumors (acoustic neuroma, meningioma)
  • Demyelinating diseases (multiple sclerosis)

When are hearing aids prescribed?

Hearing loss is a disease that causes significant damage to the quality of human life. The problem can arise due to many factors and causes that doctors consider individually.

Hearing loss can provoke various diseases of the ear, especially if there was no therapy.

Fortunately, modern ENT medicine has various methods to restore hearing ability. One such option is a hearing aid. The device is attached to the auricle and broadcasts to the patient the sounds around him, which he cannot hear on his own.

Who needs a hearing aid?

Patients neglect the treatment of hearing diseases quite often. It seems to many that the problem will certainly recede on its own, without any outside help. Unfortunately, this is one of the most common misconceptions that an ENT doctor often hears.

Remember that even simple pain in the ear can lead to a deterioration in the condition of the auditory organs.

If you have been experiencing congestion in your ears for a long time, suffering from “shooting” pains, or a sensation of a foreign body in the ear canal, be sure to visit an otolaryngologist.

Hearing disorders can also be inherited. Hearing loss can also occur as a result of ear injuries. However, when this problem appears, you should not despair and panic. Many diseases are easily amenable to qualified therapy or you can also appeal to the use of a hearing aid.

As a rule, a hearing aid is prescribed to patients by a doctor. Hearing prosthetics is available not only for adults but also for children. At a young age, the use of a hearing aid can play a key role in a child’s perception of the world and the further development of his speech.

Hearing correction with the help of specialized devices will allow the baby to easily adapt to the social environment and engage in the same activities as other peers.

If we are talking about hearing problems in adulthood, there is also no reason to panic. The specialist provides assistance in choosing the optimal hearing aid.

Hearing loss has long ceased to be a big problem because modern medicine has everything necessary for people with hearing diseases to feel comfortable.

How to choose a hearing aid?

Before purchasing the device, it is important to understand that the selection of the device is carried out individually. Not all devices are universal, and not every model is equally suitable for every patient.

Many modern models of hearing aids reproduce sound much clearer and cleaner than the human ear. The amplification of sound waves allows people to experience the full gamut of all surrounding sounds.

A person who suffers from hearing problems can use a hearing aid to significantly improve their quality of life.

Indications for hearing aid use:

  1. Irreversible hearing impairment
  2. Hearing loss of varying severity (mild, moderate, severe)
  3. Deafness (in this case, heavy-duty hearing aids are prescribed)

To learn more about the need to use a hearing aid, you can only visit a specialist. Hearing problems can and should be treated!