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The Process Of Making The Wine

Wine is being produced from thousands of years and it is both an art and science. The wine production process is simple and natural and it requires very little human hard work. All the winemakers use different techniques for producing the wine and each process is different from the other. There are main five components of wine production such as harvesting, pressing, fermentation, interpretation, and aging and then packing in bottles.

  • Harvesting

This is the first process of wine production and it is very important. If you will harvest wine then you will be able to enjoy it in your glass. Grapes are full of acids, esters, and tannins that can make the perfect wine. Tannins are the elements that make the dry wine and bring bitterness and sharpness to the wine. This process can be done by using hands and machines. Many people prefer to use their hands because the machine process is very difficult. After the grape are taken to the winery, they sort them into bunches and the rotten grapes are removed.

  • Crushing and Pressing

After sorting out the grapes in the winery, they are de-stemmed and crushed. In the past, men and women used to do this process using their feet but now, machines are used. The machines stomp the grapes into juice. The juice is freshly pressed grapes that have the skins, seeds, and solids with it. The machine process has brought revolution to this process and it has become very easy. For making the wine, they will remove everything from the juice and will separate it. For getting the white color of the wine, the winemaker will remove everything and will leave the wine. It is used to prevent the color for wine but they also add colors to wine according to the flavor by adding tannins.

  • Fermentation

After crushing and pressing the grapes into mixture, the process of fermentation comes. The juice of the grapes is fermented for more than 6 to 12 hours which is assisted by the wild yeasts of the air. Many people interfere in this natural process and they add commercial yeast for improving the consistency and predict the end results. This process continues until the sugar and juice converts into alcohol and the wine are produced. If you are willing to produce sweet wine, the wine marker will stop this process for some time before the sugar will be completely converted. This process can take more than 10 days to 30 days for completion.

  • Clarification

After the fermentation process is completed, the process of clarification starts. In this process, all the solids such as yeasts, seeds, tannins, and other things are removed. The wine is then transmitted to different vessels such as oak barrels or any other steel tanks. Then they filter the wine for removing all the solid things that are still in the wine.

The process of fining comes when the elements are added to the wine for making it clear. The winemaker can add clay for removing the unwanted particles. This process will force the particles to go to the bottom of the tank. In the filtration process, they use filters to capture the larger elements that are present in the wine. The wine after clearing it is transferred to a vessel and then the next process will be aging and packing.

  • Aging and Bottling

Both of these processes are the final stage for the wine production and after this process, the wine will be available for drinking. The winemakers use two options in which the first option is to bottle the wine directly. They can also use the other option of aging. The aging can also be done in the bottles, tanks, and barrels. The aging process that is done in the oak barrels will produce smooth, rounder, and vanilla flavored wine. This process will also increase the oxygen exposure for a long time by decreasing the tannin and it also helps the wine to reach the highest fruitiness. The aging process in the steel tanks is used for zesty wine. After completing the aging process, all types of wines are packed or bottled by using the cork and screw cap and it depends on the winemaker what he prefers to use.