Automation testing involves the management and execution of testing activities by using an automation test tool to develop and execute test scripts to verify test requirements. It helps to compare actual results with expected results. Automation testing has, therefore, become an essential component of quality assurance.
Automated learning allows teams to optimize their research. Automated testing would not only shorten the development cycles, but also avoid lengthy repetitive work, and increase the quality of software. It liberates test engineers and allows them to concentrate on tests that need manual attention and human contact.
It also enables your organization, in less time, to produce more quality products and to market them early. You may be the individual to initiate it if you don’t have a structured test automation protocol in your business. How are you starting, however? Here are some tips from Practitest!
Tips To Help You Maximize Automation Testing
Practitest believes that the right steps are the basis of successful software testing and guarantee maximum ROI. Below are the best practices to start automation testing.
Convincing the Management
Regardless of your organization’s commitment to testing automation, you can’t do anything if your management is not sure of the benefits of test automation.
It is a universal truth that automation testing is costly, and automated interest is no immediate pleasure. You need not only persuade managers to bear costs early on — tools, test automation architect — you need to reassure them that scripts are created, and testing can start over weeks or months.
Does it focus on quality in its vision? Perhaps he is proud to be working agile? Maybe the sentence “continuous delivery” pleases top management? Automated testing can be a major enhancer to all of these things.
Smart management invests in its products’ quality. But they damage their bottom line if they’re not investing in automated tools. Show them the money. Prove the ROI – which is substantial – and surprising. Underline the automatic and manual number of files. Comprehensive QA will unlock the interest of the customer and represent the end user better. You will find and fix problems faster with automated testing – meaning fewer long-term costs.
You must choose the best-automated device for your R&D efforts
One of the most significant elements of test automation is the selection of an automated testing method. It’s also, of course, not as simple as it sounds. There are different tools on the market, so choosing the automatic tool that meets your requirements is very important.
It must support your technology and platforms. The tool must be able to run free scripts if your application runs on mobile. You need to support the device when working with Android. You need people who can use the tool or who can learn it in a short time. You may consider purchasing another choice when you hire an automation architect with limited knowledge in a specific device.
It must also be automated and resilient testing. Your tests will comply with these changes if your UI is updated. The data you have access to or can easily comprehend is just as good as the results.
Build a Structure for Automation
All assessments can not be automated, nor can automated testing be implemented at once. Successful preparation and prioritizing in test automation is required. To do so, you need to create a system to automatically detect the initial tests, carefully plan the writing of the scripts, and act as a guide for future testing.
First, identifying your automated testing target and deciding what kind of tests are to be automated. You may start testing your building check. Then proceed to your criteria that are often carried out and continue to tests that take longer or are hard to do.
Then decide what actions are going to be taken by your automated tests. Divide the assessments into many reasonable and smaller tests to ensure that the method is consistent and manageable.
You can group your tests into a more substantial automated analysis once you create a couple of simple computerized tests. Automated tests can be organized by the functional area of the application, major/minor application departments, standard functions, or a baseline database. The implementation plan should also indicate who is running the scripts.
Automation plans are living papers, as test possibilities should always be looked at, that may be too hard to do manually but can be automated.
Scripts are written and maintained.
Automation of the test is much like the creation of software – and scripting can be achieved with the best programming practices. It requires expertise in scripting languages, so you have QA engineers who know the style of your selected automated test tool.
Although it may be necessary, it should be noted that scripts with proper naming conventions should be written in an ordered manner. You also need to generate automated, repeatable test scripts. It can be done by saving data from input to an external file. Data files can then be expanded without modifying the actual automated test with new data.
You must also consider giving your controls unique names, eliminating the automated test tool from using location codes to find power. It ensures that your automated tests function without changing the test itself.
Smaller tests may be clustered. There’s no point in writing a lengthy, complicated, and hard to edit and debug study. The sooner you generate quality details, the simpler it is to apply automated testing in tandem with the creation of the app. It is a simple rule of thumb when developing test scripts.
Divide your testing efforts into automation.
The development of various tests is typically focused on the expertise of the QA engineer. The level of experience and skills for each team member must be identified, and your automated tests divided accordingly. Expert knowledge of script languages is needed for the writing of automatic test scripts. Therefore, you should have QA engineers who know the script language provided by the automated testing tool to accomplish these tasks.
Those team members cannot automatically check scripts by writing. In writing test cases, some QA engineers can be more reliable. It is better to create automated tests that do not require a thorough knowledge of language writing by an automated testing tool. A keyword test is a series of simple keywords with a specific action.
You can do a lot more by simulating keystrokes, pressing buttons, choosing menu items, calling the methods and properties of objects. Keyword testing is also viewed as an alternative to automated scripts for testing. In comparison to texts, technical and non-technical users can easily use them and allow users to generate reliable and efficient automated tests at all levels.
Build Good Test Data Quality
For data-driven testing, good test data is beneficial. The data to be entered in the input fields is generally saved on an external file during automated testing. These data could be read from a database or any other source of data, such as text or XML files and Excel sheets.
A useful automated testing tool understands the data file content and iterates the automatic test contents. Your computerized tests are more comfortable to reuse and maintain thanks to external data. The data files can be easily expanded with new data to add different test scenarios without modifying the actual automated test.
Automated tests are developed to resist changes to the user interface.
The application under test depends on automated tests generated with scripts or keyword tests. The application’s user interface can change between components, particularly in early phases. These changes may impact test results, or your automated tests may no longer work with future application versions. The problem is that automated testing tools can identify an object with a range of properties.
A testing tool sometimes relies on locations to find the object. For example, the automatic test won’t be able to find the purpose when it runs, and it will fail if the control caption or location has changed. To successfully run the automated trial, you might need to replace old names with new names in the entire project before checking the latest edition.
However, if you give your control unique names, it resists these changes in your automated tests and ensures that your automated tests function without changing the test itself. The computerized test tool can also be avoided by using location coordinates to find less stable and easy-to-break control.
Automation training is the best way to meet much of the testing goals and efficiently use money and time. But before selecting the automation tool, you should be careful. Once you plan to automate the research job, make sure you have professional staff. Otherwise, you won’t have an ROI for your machine.
It would be an annoyance to turn over the costly automation devices to professional personnel. Make sure the tool best suits your requirements before buying the automation tools. You can’t have the means to match your needs 100 percent.
To learn the limitations of the tool that best suits your needs and use manual testing techniques to overcome the boundaries of the testing tool.