Work for a horrible boss? You could end up being just as bad – as hostile behaviour at the top of an organisation has a trickle-down effect, study shows
- Hostile behaviour from bosses leads to workers adopting similar behaviour
- Includes inappropriate language, sexual harassment, outbursts, and humiliation
- This can lead to a toxic atmosphere of insecurity and exhaustion in workplace
If you work for a horrible boss, you may spend your days telling yourself how much better you world be at their job.
But a new study finds you could end up being just as bad, as hostile behaviour from ‘abusive’ bosses has a trickle-down effect, leading to co-workers adopting similar behaviour.
Inappropriate language, sexual harassment, outbursts, humiliation and misuse of power are all examples of hostile behaviour, according to the researchers.
They found that more than two-thirds of employees who had experienced this kind of hostile behaviour from a leader then witnessed interpersonal aggression within the general workforce.
This can lead to a toxic atmosphere of insecurity and exhaustion in the workplace, according to the study by Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) in the UK, as well as researchers in Pakistan, China and the United States.
‘It’s clear from our study that hostile behaviour at the top of a workplace is not only likely to be damaging to individuals in terms of their emotional exhaustion and job security,’ said co-author Dr Nadeem Khalid, Senior Lecturer in Entrepreneurship and Strategy at ARU.
‘It is also likely to encourage other employees to act in unethical ways, creating a toxic environment across the entire organisation.’
Hostile behaviour from ‘abusive’ bosses has a trickle-down effect, leading to co-workers adopting similar behaviour
Masculine titles are SEXIST and undermine women’s roles as leaders at work
From chairman to salesman, many job titles typically feature the word ‘man.’
Now, a study claims that these typically masculine titles are sexist and undermine women’s roles as leaders at work.
Researchers from the University of Houston found that the title of Chairman increases assumptions that a leader is a man, more than the title of Chair.
Allison M.N. Archer, who led the study, said: ‘While some dismiss gender-neutral titles as “political correctness”, this research suggests that implicitly sexist language in masculine titles reinforces stereotypes that tie masculinity to leadership and consequently, weaken the connection between women and leadership.’
For the study, the researchers surveyed 323 employees about their experiences of abusive behaviour from superiors and peers, and also their job security and level of emotional exhaustion.
Examples of hostile behaviour in the workplace included use of inappropriate language, sexual harassment, outbursts, humiliation and misuse of power.
They identified a ‘significant’ link between abusive leaders and abusive behaviour from co-workers.
They noted the ‘reciprocal relationship’ between bosses and junior staff, where bullied employees feel the only way to get ahead is to abuse others.
Of the 323 people involved in the study, 68 per cent who had experienced hostile behaviour from a leader had also witnessed interpersonal aggression from the general workforce, and 35 per cent had faced abusive peer behaviour themselves.
A toxic atmosphere of heightened competition is created as a result.
The study found an link between experiencing hostile behaviour from leaders and emotional exhaustion and job insecurity.
This suggests that mistreatment from peers can damage employees’ confidence in their job and their role within an organisation.
Of those who had experienced hostile behaviour from a leader, 52 per cent had suffered emotional exhaustion and 77 per cent had concerns about job security.
Inappropriate language, sexual harassment, outbursts, humiliation and misuse of power are all examples of hostile behaviour, according to the researchers
‘This mirroring of negative behaviour may have its roots in the reciprocal relationship between leaders and employees,’ said Dr Khalid
‘An employee who is mistreated may feel the only way to get ahead in their job is to treat others as they have been treated themselves.
‘This may not always be intentional but it results in a race to the bottom among employees and damages job security and leads to stress and exhaustion.’
He also noted that previous studies have shown that abusive behaviour from leaders is associated with a lack of commitment from employees, and has a negative effect on emotional wellbeing.
‘Our study suggests that the situation could be exacerbated by the negative behaviour of general workers as well as the leader,’ he said.
The study was published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.
Bad news for bosses: ‘Quiet quitting’ trend for micro-breaks actually makes employees BETTER at their jobs
‘Quiet quitting’ is a trend that has taken over TikTok in recent weeks, in which Gen Z workers do the bare minimum at work to avoid burnout.
The trend has been largely criticised by experts, with one calling it a ‘short-term fix’.
However, a new study suggests that the trend might actually make employees better at their jobs.
Researchers from the West University of Timioara found that taking micro-breaks can boost energy and reduce fatigue at work.
‘Micro-breaks are efficient in preserving high levels of vigour and alleviating fatigue,’ the researchers wrote in their study, published in PLOS ONE.
While micro-breaks did not appear to affect performance on tasks, the researchers found that longer breaks did.
Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that bosses should offer their employees a combination of micro-breaks and longer breaks.