In this July 19, 1989, file photo, guardsman Dennis Nielsen carries passenger Spencer Bailey away from the wreckage of United Airlines Flight 232 after the plane crashed at Sioux Gateway Airport in Sioux City, Iowa
Hundreds of hands grappling with oxygen masks. Flight attendants warning passengers to brace for impact. The plane hurtling toward the unforgiving ground.
Survivors of air accidents often proclaim that their survival was a miracle. But what follows is another kind of miracle: Many survivors manage to get past the horror and onto planes again.
How do they do it?
It’s a question facing survivors of this week’s Southwest Airlines accident, which killed one woman who was sucked partway out of the plane after the engine exploded and shattered a window.
Authorities said 148 passengers walked away, underscoring an important point: Plane crashes are rare, but when they happen, people often survive them. Between 1983 and 2000, 95.7 percent of people involved in commercial airline accidents survived, according to government data. In 2013, 304 of the 307 passengers survived an Asiana Airlines crash in San Francisco. And the horrific 1989 crash of a United Airlines flight in Sioux City, Iowa, had 185 survivors.
For guidance, survivors of Southwest Flight 1380 might look to those others who have survived air disasters. Some of them say it’s critical to get back in the air quickly; they suggest counseling, prayer and even calming apps. But others never get over the fear.
FILE – In this July 19, 1989 file photo emergency workers treat injured passengers from United Airlines Flight 232 after after the plane crash landed and cartwheeled down the runway in Sioux City, Iowa. Through through the efforts of the flight crew and emergency personnel on the ground, 184 of the 296 passengers survived. (Gary Anderaon/The Sioux City Journal, File)
FILE – In this Jan. 15, 2009 file photo, passengers in an inflatable raft move away from US Airways Flight 1549 that went down in the Hudson River in New York. The jet ditched in the Hudson River after both engines failed when they ingested birds shortly after takeoff. All 155 people on board were safe; Captain Chesley Sullenberger and other crew members were hailed as heroes. (AP Photo/Bebeto Matthews, File)
FILE- In this Jan. 15, 2014, file photo, Captain Chesley ‘Sully’ Sullenberger III, who safely piloted U.S. Airways Flight 1549 with 155 passengers and crew to a water landing, speaks during a press conference in New York. Sullenberger gathered with some survivors rescuers to mark the fifth anniversary of the event known as the ‘miracle on the Hudson.’ (AP Photo/Bebeto Matthews, File)
FILE – In this Jan. 15, 2009, file photo Dave Sanderson of Charlotte, N.C. sits in a hospital bed of Palisades Medical Center in North Bergen, N.J. Sanderson was the last passenger to exit US Airways Flight 1549 after its emergency landing in the Hudson River in January 2009. (AP Photo/Tanyanika Samuels, Pool, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 16, 2014, file photo, Hudson River plane crash survivor Dave Sanderson speaks at the Franchise Expo in Secaucus, N.J. Sanderson was the last passenger to exit US Airways Flight 1549 after its emergency landing in the Hudson River in January 2009. (Chris Pedota/The Record via AP, File)
Dave Sanderson was the last passenger to exit US Airways Flight 1549 after its emergency landing in the Hudson River in January 2009. He spent one night recovering from hypothermia at a New York hospital. The next day he had to make a decision: Could he fly back home to North Carolina?
Sanderson steeled himself; flying was the fastest way home. When he arrived at the gate, the captain and first officer got off the plane, listened to his story and reassured him. A flight attendant cleared a row of seats for him.
‘If you don’t get back immediately, you may never get back on that plane,’ said Sanderson, who now travels around the country giving inspirational speeches.
Sanderson makes it a habit to talk to the crew when he boards a plane. He also learns about the plane, including the exit strategy and what kind of doors it has.
FILE- In this July 21, 1989, file photo, a National Transportation Safety Board investigator walks in front of the torn portion of the passenger compartment of the United Airlines DC-10 that crashed and exploded on landing at Sioux Gateway Airport, near Sioux City, Iowa. The plane crashed July 19. (Ed Porter/Sioux City Journal via AP, Pool)
Others lean on faith. Helen Young Hayes survived the crash of United Flight 232 in Sioux City, which killed 111 people. Hayes, a lifelong Catholic, closed her eyes and prayed as the plane went down; later, as she recovered from her burns, she thought a lot about why her life was spared.
Hayes started flying again about two months after the crash, confident that God would hold her whatever the outcome of the flight. She has since flown more than 1 million miles.
‘I would never have stepped on a plane again if I didn’t firmly believe I had been totally saved by a miracle,’ said Hayes, who heads a Denver workforce development company that helps low-income people.
Hayes says survivors need to take time to heal. Their bodies will never forget, she says; every time she hits turbulence, she remembers what it felt like when the plane went down. But she also sees the crash as a gift that helped her find a higher purpose for her life.
Jennifer Stansberry Miller, a clinical social worker and crisis consultant, has been an advocate for survivors since her brother died in a plane crash in 1994. She says every survivor must find his or her own way. Some have trouble eating and sleeping and may need professional guidance. Others use apps that talk passengers through flying or forecast the amount of turbulence they might encounter.
Others take classes at airports that help people master their fears. Milwaukee’s Mitchell Airport offers a $200, five-session class that culminates with a short commercial flight.
FILE- This July 6, 2013, file photo shows the wreckage of the Asiana Flight 214 airplane after it crashed at the San Francisco International Airport in San Francisco. Can you fly again? It’s a question facing survivors of this week’s Southwest Airlines accident, which killed one passenger and forced an emergency landing in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File)
FILE- In this Feb. 24, 1989, file photo, two passengers aboard United Airlines Flight 811 brace themselves as the crippled United Airlines Flight 811 returned to Honolulu International Airport. A gaping hole ripped open in the fuselage of the 747 at 20,000 feet during its flight from Honolulu, Hawaii to New Zealand. The sudden decompression sucked out several rows of seats, killing nine passengers. The photo was taken by passenger Beverly Nisbet of Hastings, New Zealand. (AP Photo/Beverly Nisbet)
Miller has her own ways to fight fear. She won’t travel on Halloween – the day her brother’s plane crashed – or on major holidays, when she assumes the most experienced pilots aren’t flying. She only flies on jets, not propeller planes.
‘It’s not perfect science, but it’s what I reconcile in my brain to fly,’ she said.
Some survivors can’t bring themselves to fly again. In 2008, drummer Travis Barker of the band Blink-182 was involved in a small plane crash that killed four of the six people aboard. Eight years later, when his band toured Europe, Barker was still unable to fly. He crossed the Atlantic on the Queen Mary 2 cruise ship.
Travis Barker performs during the T-Mobile Boulevard block party in Columbia, S.C. Barker and popular disc jockey DJ AM, also known as Adam Goldstein, were critically injured in a Learjet crash on September 19, 2008, in Columbia that killed four people
In this September 20, 2008, file photo, investigators look over the debris left by the Learjet that was carrying Travis Barker and Adam Goldstein
Eric Zilbert, who was aboard Tuesday’s Southwest flight, said the experience has been most difficult for his wife, who had to deal with the thought of almost losing him. On future flights, he says, he’ll look more closely at the plane’s equipment and choose seats in front of the wing.
Zilbert, a statistician, says he knows it’s unlikely that another plane he boards will ever experience a similar emergency. He and his mother even flew home after the accident.
‘We just didn’t sit by the window, and they were fine flights,’ he said.