All you need to know about Spanish national visas type D

Spain is one of the most popular tourist destinations. The mild climate, many beautiful faces, cozy sandy beaches, and unforgettable national cuisine can satisfy the needs of over 50 million tourists a year.

The country is of interest not only to travelers but also to those who want to work or study in Europe. Visa D to Spain is requested in situations where a long stay in the territory of the Iberian Peninsula is expected.

Spanish National Visa (type D) – what is it?

D – national visa of Spain. Provides for the subsequent registration of a residence permit and obtaining a resident card. Allows you to be in the Iberian Peninsula throughout the validity of the document, without restrictions on days.

Requirements for a D visa recipient

To apply for a national visa type D, a person must not have the citizenship of Switzerland or a state that is part of the EU and the EEC.

Refusal to issue a document will be in the following cases:

  1. the applicant has a ban on crossing the Spanish border
  2. having a criminal record
  3. illegal stay in the country
  4. violation of the visa regime in previous trips to Spain
  5. the presence of diseases listed in the International Regulations on Sanitation (2005)

The visa recipient will be asked to take out an insurance policy in the amount of at least 30,000 euros and confirm financial solvency (for example, provide a bank statement or a salary certificate).

Categories of visa documents depend on the purpose of the stay. The type of residence permit depends on the purpose of moving to Spain, i.e. on which card the person is applying.

Student Visa

The document is required for people planning to study abroad. Mandatory conditions – the duration of training is more than 3 months, personal presence in the classroom. These can be postgraduate programs, MBAs, long-term language courses, etc.

The visa is issued for 12 months, it can be extended for 3 years.

According to the document, it is impossible to officially get a job, only a professional internship is possible for no more than 20 hours a week. The student card is not counted when applying for Spanish citizenship or obtaining a residence permit.

Visa without the right to work

The document is issued without the right to work in Spain.

Suitable for those who visit the country for personal reasons, such as visiting friends. The main condition for obtaining a visa is the presence of a permanent income at home and the ability to prove financial solvency.

Initially, the permit is issued for 12 months.

If you follow all the rules of residence in the state for six months, then the next document is issued immediately for 2 years.

Visa for entrepreneurs and investors

To obtain a Golden Visa, it is necessary to invest heavily in the development of the economy of Spain. The most popular option among foreigners is the purchase of a real estate in the amount of 500,000 euros.

The second way to get such a visa is to open your own business or invest at least 1,000,000 euros in an existing project.

In this case, when preparing documentation and filling out a visa application form D, you need to attach a detailed plan for future work and justify its significance for the country.

The Golden Visa is issued for 12 months, then it can be extended for 2 years, and then request a residence permit for 5 years. Having received the status of an investor and a businessman, it is allowed to officially work in Spain.

There are no deadlines for a mandatory stay in the country.

Residence permit with the right to work

It is difficult to obtain such a type of visa since there are high requirements not only for the applicant but also for the employer. When applying for this visa, you will be required to provide a duplicate of the contract with the company in which you plan to work.

The contract is studied by the Spanish authorities. There are some requirements for salary, it should not be lower than the minimum established in the country.

The job-seeking visa Spain is an authorization based in Spain that would allow you to access a job suitable to your field.

Visa for the restoration of a residence permit

The document is required in force majeure situations, for example, if the resident’s card is stolen or lost.

You will also have to apply for it if the visa expired when the person was outside Spain.

Visa for family reunification

If one of the close relatives (husband/wife, parents, child under 21 years old) has Spanish citizenship or a residence permit, according to which he lived in Spain for at least 1 year and managed to get a positive decision on its extension, then, in this case, the applicant has the right to issue a visa on the basis of family reunification.

If relatives have citizenship, you can get a family reunification visa Spain.

Pros and cons of the Spanish D visa

One of the main advantages of a Spanish national visa is the opportunity to visit a beautiful and colorful country, stay there for a long time, having received a foreign citizen identification number (NIE).

Such a document is official permission to study, open your own business, and reunite with relatives. The only drawback is the long term for obtaining a resident card.

The national visa of Spain allows you to stay in the country for a long time.