Having an apple-shaped figure raises women’s risk of suffering a heart attack by up to 20 per cent, new research suggests.
Even among slim women, such as celebrities Elizabeth Hurley, Angelina Jolie and Tyra Banks, carrying fat around the abdomen makes them between 10 and 20 per cent more likely to suffer a cardiovascular event, a study found today.
Lead author Dr Sanne Peters from Oxford University, said: ‘Our findings support the notion that having proportionally more fat around the abdomen (a characteristic of the apple shape) appears to be more hazardous than more visceral fat which is generally stored around the hips (i.e., the pear shape).’
Apple figures, which typically cause people to carry weight around their waists, which are wider than their hips, are associated with excess fat storage around the internal organs.
This increases people’s risk of conditions such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
According to the World Health Organization, more than 40 per cent of women and 39 per cent of men worldwide are carrying too much weight.
Have an apple-shaped figure, like Elizabeth Hurley, raises women’s risk of heart attacks
Even slim apple-shaped women, like Angelina Jolie, are 10-20 per cent more at risk
Apple figures, which Tyra Banks has, are linked to excessive fat around the inner organs
WHAT IS THE BEST TIME OF DAY TO EAT CARBOHYDRATES?
TV doctor Dr Michael Mosley has suggested the best time of day to eat carbohydrates.
He found eating pasta and bread at dinner is better for people’s waistlines than toast in the morning.
Experts previously thought carbohydrates should largely be eaten at the start of the day as the body has longer to burn the glucose they release.
Failing to do this causes the release of insulin to bring blood sugar levels back to normal, which is done by storing excess sugar from carbs as fat, causing people to put on weight.
Yet, the new study, broadcast on the BBC’s Trust Me I’m a Doctor, found eating carbohydrates in the evening causes less dramatic blood sugar spikes than carb-loading at breakfast, providing the rest of a person’s food intake for that day has not been too starch-heavy.
Dr Mosley advises people are consistent with their carb-eating habits and avoid overindulging with every meal.
He carried out the research with the University of Surrey by asking healthy volunteers to eat either the majority of their daily carbohydrate intake in the morning or evening.
All of the study’s participants ate the same amount of carbs every day, which included bread, pasta and vegetables.
For the first five days, they ate most of these foods for breakfast, followed by five days of eating a normal diet before finally switching to a low-carb breakfast, high-carb dinner for the last five days.
The researchers analysed the participants’ blood sugar levels throughout the study.
Further research required
The researchers analysed 479,610 adults aged between 40 and 69 years old who participated in the UK Biobank study between 2006 and 2010.
The study’s participants’ waist and hip circumferences, as well as their height, weight and BMI were measured by trained staff.
According to the researchers, further investigation is required to determine how body shape and fat storage influence people’s heart-disease risk.
The findings were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Mediterranean diet best for reducing internal fat storage
This comes after scan images released in November last year suggested, for the first time, how weight is stored in the body, why low-fat is not always healthier and the one diet that is best.
Compared to a low-fat diet, eating Mediterranean foods with a minimal-carb intake for lunch just three times a week significantly reduces fat storage around the heart and liver, a study found.
After 18 months, adopting a diet rich in vegetables, fruit and nuts also significantly reduces people’s waist circumferences, the research adds.
Lead author Professor Iris Shai from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel, said: ‘These findings suggest that moderate exercise combined with a Mediterranean/low carb diet may help reduce the amount of some fat deposits even if you don’t lose significant weight as part of the effort.
‘We learned in this trial that moderate, but persistent, weight loss may have dramatic beneficial effects on fat deposits related to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.’
Mediterranean diets significantly reduce fat storage around the liver and heart