A Lebanese prosecutor is to question several ministers and former ministers over last week’s deadly chemical blast at Beirut port, a judicial official said Wednesday.
‘The interrogations will begin with former public works minister Ghazi al-Aridi,’ the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
‘If a shortcoming or negligence on the part of one of the questioned ministers is found, the judiciary will have to state that it does not have jurisdiction to sue them,’ the official explained.
The chief prosecutor will then have to transfer their file and connected evidence to parliament because the jurisdiction lies with a special council in charge of suing ministers and presidents.
The official said the current minister of public works, now working in a caretaker capacity because the government has resigned over the August 4 explosion, would also be questioned in coming days.
Several other former public works ministers, current and former ministers of finance and justice, will also be brought in, he said.
According to latest health ministry figures, the monster explosion at Beirut port killed 171, injured 6,500 and left 300,00 people temporarily homeless.
The explosion, Lebanon’s worst peacetime disaster, caused devastation across Beirut and is widely seen as a direct consequence of state incompetence and corruption.
Prime Minister Hassan Diab’s government resigned on Monday but that did little to appease protesters who want heads to roll over the disaster.
Documents seen by AFP reveal that relevant officials at every echelon of the state were aware of the danger posed by the large pile of ammonium nitrate stored for years in a port warehouse until it blew up.
Russian emergency personnel walk on the site of the explosion in the port of Beirut, where rescuers are continuing their recovery efforts nearly a week after the blast
The devastating explosion last week. An Italian expert has claimed that the brick red cloud suggests that the blast was not caused by ammonium nitrate and suggested burning armaments had instead caused the blast
A helicopter tries to put out a fire at the scene of last Tuesday’s blast, which is thought to have been caused by a stockpile of ammonium nitrate which had been left unsecured at the port since 2013
Wreckage lies in front of destroyed grain silos in the port of Beirut, three days after the devastating explosion in the Lebanese capital
The devastated port of Beirut is seen in an aerial view yesterday after the explosion at a warehouse which has killed more than 160 people and left hundreds of thousands homeless
Explosives expert claims Beirut explosion that killed 171 was caused by burning military missiles – not ammonium nitrate – because the blast cloud was orange not yellow
An explosives expert has claimed the Beirut blast was caused by burning military missiles – not ammonium nitrate.
Danilo Coppe, 56 and from Parmesan in Italy, is one of the country’s leading explosive experts.
He believes the August 4 blast, which killed 160 people, wounded 6,000 and destroyed 300,000 homes, was not caused by ammonium nitrate because the colour of the cloud was orange.
The explosives expert, nicknamed Mr. Dynamite, explained that when ammonium nitrate detonates, it generates an unmistakable yellow cloud.
But videos of the explosion show orange plumes of smoke, Mr Coppe told Corriere.
‘There should have been a catalyst, because otherwise it wouldn’t all have exploded together.
‘You can clearly see a brick orange column tending to bright red, typical of lithium participation. Which in the form of lithium-metal is the propellant for military missiles. I think there were armaments there,’ he said.
Meanwhile, at Beirut’s main fire station, a stone’s throw from the charred and ruined port, firefighters held an emotional funeral for one of 10 comrades they lost in the catastrophe.
‘May God be with you, our hero,’ firefighters cried as they saw off the coffin of their lost friend Jo Noun during their fourth such ceremony since the August 4 disaster.
Ten firefighters are confirmed to have died, and six more are still among the missing, including three members of the same family.
Rina Hitti, the mother of one and related to the two others, said: ‘In one piece or several, we want our sons back.’
Hassan Diab blamed a ‘corrupt’ political class that has ruled Lebanon for more than 30 years for the August 4 explosion, sparked when a warehouse fire ignited 2,750 tons of highly explosive ammonium nitrate that had been stored in the city’s port for six years.
The Prime Minister told the nation in a televised address on Monday: ‘Today we are heeding the people and their demands to hold accountable those responsible for a disaster.’
Diab praised his government – assembled after previous Prime Minister Saad Hariri stepped down amid protests over corruption – for fighting ‘valiantly and with dignity’ to reform the country.
But he said that ‘I have discovered an apparatus of corruption that is greater than the state,’ heaping pressure on Hezbollah-backed President Michel Aoun who will now lead a search for his replacement.
‘Between us and change is big powerful barrier,’ Diab added as a parting shot.
Several ministers had earlier quit the cabinet amid fury over the blast and the Hezbollah-backed President Michel Aoun – who has rejected calls for an international probe into the disaster – is also facing calls to quit.
The resignations do not force Aoun to step down but they will cause a legislative paralysis in Lebanon’s French-inspired system.
Last Tuesday’s disaster killed at least 171 people and destroyed swathes of the Mediterranean capital, leaving hundreds of thousands homeless.
Many in Lebanon see the blast as a symbol of corruption and incompetence among the country’s elite, and protests have broken out with tear gas fired on protesters after months of political and economic meltdown.
Much of the fury is directed at the political elite which is backed by Hezbollah, in turn backed by Iran which has called for outside countries to refrain from ‘politicising’ the disaster.
The explosion, which drew comparisons with the Hiroshima atom bomb 75 years ago, has also injured more than 6,000 people and left 300,000 homeless.
Firefighters carry the coffin of their friend Joe Noun, one of ten firefighters who were killed during the explosion that hit the Beirut port, during his funeral at the firefighter headquarters
Ten firefighters are confirmed to have died, and six more are still among the missing, including three members of the same family as the death toll reaches more than 170 in Lebanon
Lebanese anti-government protesters try to break through a barrier placed by Lebanese police to block a road leading to the parliament building during a protest in Beirut
A protester throws a tear gas canister back towards Lebanese police during an anti-government protest in Beirut on Sunday night
Lebanese protesters run from tear gas fired by security forces today in Beirut today. Many see the blast as a symbol of corruption and incompetence among the country’s elite, and protests have broken out after months of political and economic meltdown.
The disaster also sparked widespread panic over wheat shortages after 15,000 tonnes of grains were blasted out of the silos.
The cabinet decided to refer the investigation of the blast to the judicial council, the highest legal authority whose rulings cannot be appealed.
Lebanon’s president had previously said explosive material was stored unsafely for years at the port.
He said an investigation would consider whether the cause was external interference as well as negligence or an accident.
‘There are two possible scenarios for what happened: it was either negligence or foreign interference through a missile or bomb,’ he said last Friday.
The shipment of ammonium nitrate was officially destined for Mozambique when it sailed on the cargo ship Rhosus in 2013, but the vessel made an unscheduled stop in Beirut where the chemicals were impounded.
The captain of the Rhosus claims he was told to stop in Beirut to pick up extra cargo – while Mozambique has denied all knowledge of the shipment.
Cypriot police said on Thursday that they had questioned Russian businessman Igor Grechushkin over his alleged links the ship and its cargo.
Beirut’s governor said many foreign workers and truck drivers remained missing and were assumed to be among the casualties.
A Lebanese protester uses a slingshot to hurl stones at security forces amid clashes in the vicinity of the parliament in central Beirut on August 10, 2020, following the deadly Beirut port explosion
A demonstrator fires firecrackers during a protest in Beirut, Lebanon, August 10, 2020
Firecrackers thrown by protesters explode in front of riot police amid clashes in the vicinity of the parliament in central Beirut on August 10, 2020
Lebanese protesters clash with security forces for the second evening in a row near an access street to the parliament in central Beirut on Sunday
Anti-government protests in the past two days have been the biggest since October, when demonstrators took to the streets over the country’s economic crisis.
Diab’s cabinet, which was formed in January with the backing of the powerful Iran-backed Hezbollah, met on Monday with many ministers wanting to resign.
The information and environment ministers quit on Sunday as well as several lawmakers, and the justice minister followed them out on Monday.
Finance minister Ghazi Wazni, a key negotiator with the IMF over a rescue plan, is believed to have gone to the cabinet meeting with a resignation letter.
Lebanon is already seeking $20billion in funding from the IMF and now faces billions more in disaster costs, with losses from the explosion estimated to be between $10billion and $15billion.
At least nine lawmakers have also announced they would quit in protest, as have two senior members of the Beirut local government.
Lebanon’s system is modelled on that of former colonial power France, where the president appoints the prime minister and is not required to resign along with the cabinet.
However, Aoun is also under pressure to quit and his portrait was burned by demonstrators who burst into the foreign ministry building during angry protests at the weekend.
The country’s sectarian power-sharing system requires the president to be a Maronite Christian, the prime minister to be a Sunni and the parliament speaker to be a Shi’ite.
Prime minister Diab, 61, had said on Saturday that he would request early parliamentary elections.
‘The entire regime needs to change. It will make no difference if there is a new government,’ said Joe Haddad, a Beirut engineer. ‘We need quick elections.’
Last Tuesday’s blast is thought to have been caused by a stockpile of ammonium nitrate which had been left unsecured at the port since 2013.
Italian firefighters from the NBCR (Nuclear Biological Chemical Radiological) unit inspecting a ship wreck in the port of Beirut
A handout picture provided by the Lebanese photo agency Dalati and Nohra on August 10, 2020 shows Prime Minister Hassan Diab (R) submitting his resignation to President Michel Aoun at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of the capital Beirut
Emergency crews on Wednesday were still searching the dusty ‘ground zero’ where the explosion pulverised buildings and left a water-logged 43-metre-deep crater where a quay and warehouses once stood.
The human error that sparked devastation worthy of a major earthquake has sparked public rage, matched only by the speed at which officials are seen to be passing the buck.
Around 100 of the wounded were recently still listed in critical condition and it was feared the death toll could yet rise as Beirut’s hospitals treat the casualties.
More than half of 55 healthcare facilities evaluated by the World Health Organization were ‘non-functional,’ the agency said Wednesday, adding that three major hospitals were out of operation and another three running at well below normal capacity, he said.
Among those killed was a diplomat from Germany, whose Foreign Minister Heiko Maas arrived in Lebanon Wednesday for a short visit of support.
In a social media message, he stressed the need for ‘profound economic reform’.
He also announced a one million-euro donation directly to the Lebanese Red Cross, in line with a pledge that emergency aid should bypass a government that has lost its people’s trust.