Some 500 far-right extremists marched in honor of the 30th anniversary of the death of top Nazi Rudolf Hess.
The Berlin march was separated by hundreds of heavily armed police from an equal number of counter-demonstrators.
Berlin police spokesman Carsten Mueller said authorities imposed a number of restrictions on Saturday’s march in the Spandau district to ensure it passes peacefully.
Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler’s deputy, Rudolf Hess
Neo-Nazi sympathisers were told they could march but not glorify Hess
Police told organisers they can march, but were not allowed to glorify Hess, who was Adolf Hitler’s deputy and died in Spandau prison in 1987.
The neo-Nazis are allowed to bring banners: but only one for every 50 participants.
Such restrictions are common in Germany and rooted in the experience of the pre-war Weimar Republic, when opposing political groups would try to forcibly interrupt their rivals’ rallies, resulting in frequent bloody street violence.
The neo-Nazis are allowed to bring banners: but only one for every 50 participants
The Berlin march was separated by hundreds of heavily armed police from an equal number of counter-demonstrators
The exact rules differ according to the circumstances, but police in Germany say they generally try to balance protesters’ rights to free speech and free assembly against the rights of counter-demonstrators and residents.
The rules mean that shields, helmets and batons carried by far-right and Neo-Nazi protesters in Charlottesville last weekend wouldn’t be allowed in Germany.
Openly anti-Semitic chants would prompt German police to intervene, although efforts would be made to detain specific individuals rather than to stop an entire rally, police said.
Left-wing groups expect about 1,000 people to attend the counter-protests.
Shields, helmets and batons carried by far-right and Neo-Nazi protesters in Charlottesville last weekend are not allowed in Germany
Some 500 far-right extremists marched in honor of the 30th anniversary of the death of top Nazi Rudolf Hess
Hess, who received a life sentence at the Nuremberg trials for his role in planning World War II, died on August 17, 1987.
Allied authorities ruled his death a suicide, but Nazi sympathizers have long claimed that he was killed and organise annual marches in his honour.
The marches used to take place in the Bavarian town of Wunsiedel, where Hess was buried until authorities removed his remains.