The Haemogram Test is a complete group of tests that is performed on a blood sample to detect the presence of any kind of diseases or infection in the body which is not immediately perceived. It is a broad screening and is mostly conducted on the red blood, cell, white blood cell and on the platelets of the body.
There are a variety of sub- tests conducted under the Haemogram Test. They include White Blood Cell count, Total Red Blood Count, Mean Cell Volume, Haematocrit, Mean Cell Haemoglobin Concentration, Platelet Disrtribution Width, Mean Platelet Volume, Absolute Neutrophilis, Absolute Basophilis Count, Absolute Monocytes Count, Platelet Large Cell Ratio, Platelet Crit, Peripheral Smear Examination, and some more.
The biggest advantages of conducting these wide range of sub tests is that they can detect even the slightest anomaly in the blood stream and reveal information about the patient’s health.
The haemogram test requires no special preparation as such and blood sample is collected from the patient with the help of a syringe. Unless specifically instructed by the doctor, there is no need for fasting as well. The tests are themselves conducted using a very specific set of machines. The test is conducted for various conditions like:
- Use of diuretics, steroids and antibiotics
- Smoking, stress
- Certain kind of allergies
What are the Normal Values of the Haemogram Test?
Some of the normal values are provided below to give an indication of what the patient might look for after the tests are conducted:
- Neutrophils is 56%
- Eosinophils is 2.7%
- Lymphocytes is 34%
- Monocytes is 4%
- ESR is 0–20 mm/hr
- MCV is 80–96 µm
- MCH is 27.5–33.2 pg
- MCHC is 32%–36%
- PCV 36%–47%
- Platelet count is 150–450 x 103 /µl
- RDW-SD is 39–46 fL
- RDW-CV is 11.6%–15%
- PDW is 8.3–25.0 fL
- MPV is 8.6–15.5 fL
- PCT is 0.15%–.62%
- Absolute neutrophils count is 1800–7800 /µl
- Absolute lymphocytes count is 1000–4800 /µl
- Absolute monocytes count is 0–800 /µl
The doctor will of course make the final diagnosis from the results.
What does the Haemogram Test mean?
It is important to keep in mind that after the medical team examining you, it is not necessary that any other condition would not show a fall in the blood count. So a variation of blood counts could mean different things which carry their own importance.
- Drop in WB cell count (White Blood Cells): Certain type of treatments, especially cancer related, can cause a noticeable drop in White Blood cells. Cancer that directly involves the blood as well as bone marrow such as lymphoma, multiple myeloma and leukemia can cause a drop.
- Drop in red blood cell count: A drop in red blood cells can be caused due to under-taking chemotherapy or radiation therapy. This condition is otherwise called ‘anemia’.
- Drop in Platelet Count: Certain cancer treatments can also lead to affecting the bone marrow hence causing a drop in Platelet count.
What does a Haemogram Test cost?
Depending on the city that one stays in, the cost of a haemogram test will differ accordingly. Nevertheless, it is still on the affordable side and the test is used frequently suggested by doctors because of its accurate results.
Portea Medical Home Services brings the best of the home tests services and hence it eliminates any need of traveling or waiting. The phlebotomist will travel to the destination of the patient and collect the blood samples according to the patient’s convenience. The test results are usually sent to the patient online. It takes about 24 hours to 36 hours for the test results to come in. one just has to give them a call and the complete and accurate services are provided by the healthcare professionals at Portea Bangalore.