The main function of sanding Wood Floors is to restore the surface by linear sanding and, later, to patch, seal and varnish to make them look like new.
Procedure for sanding Wood Floors:
- Linear grinding or sanding using coarse and medium sandpaper with a roller wood floor polishing machine
- Linear polishing using fine sandpaper to remove scratches from coarse and medium sandpaper until the wooden floor is completely fine and smooth to the touch
- Patching Joints and Holes with fine resin for wood and the tone of the floor and, later, polishing with extra fine sandpaper to remove patching residues
- Application of a coat of Sealer of your choice to protect the wood and prepare it for varnishing
- Application of two coats of varnish of your choice by fine brush or press with a matte, semi-matte, or glossy finish.
- Wood floors can be elegant, beautiful, and cozy; however, in our experience, sanding wooden floors tend to become a postponed task until the moment when the delicate material loses its shine or shows important marks.
So that you have all the precise information regarding sanding, polishing, and varnishing that this type of material entails, we have prepared this guide with the essential information. It is suggested that you may consider for hiring a professional service like gulvkanonen.dk if your wood floor requires professional sanding and polishing.
Tips for sanding and varnishing your wooden floors.
Whether the wood floor has been recently installed or after several years of use appears dull and lifeless, the sanding, polishing, and varnishing process must be done carefully. The steps are the following:
- Cleans and removes accumulated dirt and dust.
- In the event that the original varnish is badly worn or the wood is virgin, you should use a belt sander with coarse sandpaper to prepare the surface.
- A delta sander can be used if you need to reach difficult corners and corners with the other belt sander. You can also choose to Rent From Us a Professional Floor Sander with Roller and Dust Suction System for a finer and faster job, same that we use to carry out this work for us.
- The sandpaper is adjusted to a finer grain, and the procedure is repeated until the wood is perfectly scratch-free and smooth to the touch.
- Evaluate if it requires a new sanding pass; in any case, it vacuums and sweeps to remove dust.
- It is time to apply the ink in case of giving another color or leaving the natural wood. Choose an ink that matches the tone and type of wood of your floor. Let it dry.
- Use a low-speed floor polisher to buff this coat if necessary.
- This is the time to apply the varnish, polyurethane, or Sealer. Use brushes for a thicker finish but prepare well to avoid lumpiness.
You can apply a coat of floor wax, let it dry, and finish using a wood floor polish to give the final finish if you do not need to sand the floor.
Types of Wood Polishers:
As we mentioned during our steps, there are various teams involved in sanding, grinding, and polishing a wooden floor. The most important are:
- Belt or Roll Sander. Professional-sized for floors and handheld, they use different fine sandpaper to sand virgin wood or grind old varnish, as the case may be, but always in a linear way and in the direction of the grain to avoid orbital scratches on the wood.
- Delta sander. Their heads have a triangular shape, and they are regularly smaller than the other type. They are used for sanding corners and corners.
- Floor polisher. A specialized machine that can perform micro-roughing, polishing, and deep cleaning tasks, using discs of different densities, depending on the material of the floor.
Wood Floor Repair:
Wood floor repair and maintenance can be divided into a number of periodic tasks. Among the most important:
- Check, nail, or replace loose or protruding nails and tacks.
- Change or renew the varnish or finish of your wooden floor in two years.
- Apply wood wax for periods of five to eight weeks.