Bruce Brown, whose 1966 surfing documentary ‘The Endless Summer’ transformed the image of the sport, has died.
Brown, who was 80, died of natural causes in Santa Barbara on Sunday, said Alex Mecl, general manager of Bruce Brown Films.
Surfers had largely been portrayed as beach buffoons in the mindless party movies of the early 1960s but his film was the first to document their lives as adventurers, inspiring a generation of surfers to travel the world.
Along with the music of the Beach Boys, Brown took surfing from a quirky hobby to a fundamental part of American culture.
Bruce Brown surfs a wave and holds a camera while making ‘Endless Summer’, a film that helped to make surfing a part of American culture
Filmmaker Bruce Brown holds a camera while making one of his many surfing movies. Brown, whose 1966 surfing documentary
Then came Brown and ‘The Endless Summer’ with his beautiful, soulful story of surfers on a quest for fulfillment – an image that became emblazoned on the cultural psyche.
‘Thank you for showing us the world as you saw it, Bruce Brown,’ Kelly Slater, 11-time world champion surfer, said in an Instagram post Monday.
‘There are never enough words to say goodbye properly.’
Legendary big-wave surfer Greg Noll, a friend of Brown’s since they were young and a fellow filmmaker, said: ‘His timing, everything, was perfect.’
People were interested in surfing and Brown took it to a new level, Noll added.
‘Thank you for showing us the world as you saw it, Bruce Brown,’ Kelly Slater, 11-time world champion surfer, said in an Instagram post Monday. ‘There are never enough words to say goodbye properly.’
Brown, who took up surfing in the early 1950s, had made five other documentaries about the sport before ‘The Endless Summer,’ including 1958’s ‘Slippery When Wet’ and 1960’s ‘Barefoot Adventure.’
Like all the others, it was shot on a tiny budget with Brown performing nearly every duty, from camera operator to narrator.
Brown was untrained but for ‘Endless Summer’ he performed nearly ever duty, from beginning to end
Bruce Brown tries to control a surfboard with a mounted camera mounted while making one of his many surfing movies
Kelly Slater, 11-time world champion surfer, paid tribute to Brown saying: ‘There are never enough words to say goodbye properly.’
The film follows two surfers, Robert August and Mike Hynson, as they hop hemispheres to constantly surf wherever it is summer, from Hawaii to Australia to South Africa to Senegal.
‘He had a great theme,’ Noll said.
Surfers considered Brown a peer who just happened to carry a camera instead of a board.
He shot the film loosely and casually and the style proved infectious when the public saw the movie.
‘I never had formal training in filmmaking, and that probably worked to my advantage,’ Brown said in a 2004 interview for his film company’s website.
The trio’s charisma and the film’s natural beauty made it an unlikely hit.
‘The beautiful photography he brought home almost makes you wonder if Hollywood hasn’t been trying too hard,’ Roger Ebert said in his 1967 review of the film in The Chicago Sun-Times.
The film inspired many surfers to leave their home beaches, drop out of their sedentary lives and seek isolated places with bigger waves.
Brown on a motorbike with his two sons. He went onto make other documentaries, including ‘On Any Sunday,’ which gave the same treatment to motorcycle riding as ‘The Endless Summer’ did to surfing
Some surfers blamed Brown’s film for turning their serene spots into forever-crowded hotspots.
‘A lot of people try to make me feel guilty about that,’ Brown said in the 2004 interview, ‘and while I’m sure ‘Endless Summer’ hurried it up, the sport was growing by leaps and bounds simply because it’s so much fun. No one could have stopped it.’
Brown went on to make many other documentaries, most notably the 1971 film ‘On Any Sunday,’ which gave the same treatment to motorcycle riding as ‘The Endless Summer’ did to surfing. A sequel, ‘On Any Sunday II,’ was released in 1981.
In 1994, he revisited his classic and made ‘The Endless Summer II’ with his filmmaker son Dana Brown.
In 2009, he narrated a surfing-themed episode of ‘SpongeBob SquarePants’ called ‘SpongeBob vs. The Big One.’
Brown was born in San Francisco and raised in Long Beach. He retired to a ranch near Santa Barbara, putting down the camera to ride motorcycles and surf.
‘All the good guys are going … we were on the cusp of the giant wave of surfing that hit California and spread out to the rest of the world,’ Noll said.